Sometimes, traditional music notation cannot represent important aspects of the music made with innovative use of technology. We can instead represent some of these aspects with a 'graphic score'. Here, students use colors and shapes to represent various materials and musical parameters, showing their relationship in time and revealing how larger musical structures are put together.
An animated graphic analysis of Yves Daoust’s Mi Bemol (1998), created by Tom Runchman in the year-one module Foundations of Music
An animated graphic analysis of the Overture from Bebe and Louise Barrons’ score for the film Forbidden Planet (1956)