Dr Sally Kah

Job: Senior Lecturer in Business Management

School/department: School of Leadership, Management and Marketing

Address: De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH

T: +44 (0)116 255 1551

E: mailto:sally.kah@dmu.ac.uk


Personal profile

Dr. Sally Kah is a Senior Lecturer in Business Management at the Faculty of Business and Law. Her research explores responses to and adaptations to contemporary business factors such as the cost-of-living crisis, social impact measurement, and sustainability in social enterprises. Presently, her scholarly investigations are centred on elucidating the strategies employed by social entrepreneurs to bolster resilience in the face of the cost-of-living crisis. Sally's methodological foundation is grounded in immersive data collection using case studies, drawings, observations, interviews, documents and focus group discussions to collect data from diverse changemakers and community actors.

Sally's research influences some pedagogical approaches to immersive and experiential teaching, such as learners co-creating bricolage and using space as a form of self-discovery through experimentation in social entrepreneurship education and business strategy. Her commitment to advancing knowledge is evident in her publications in esteemed journals recognised by the Association of Business Schools (ABS). Her dedication extends to presenting her research findings at prominent national and international conferences, demonstrating her commitment to the academic community.

She is an active member of distinguished academic and professional organisations, including the European Council for Small Business Entrepreneurship, Enterprise Education UK, the Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship, the British Academy of Management and Social Innovations Journal. Her affiliation with these esteemed institutions underscores her commitment to furthering research and scholarship in social entrepreneurship.

Contemporary business topics evolve. Sally is interested in supervising committed and passionate doctoral candidates who want to explore contemporary topics in the general areas of social entrepreneurship, including, but not limited to:

  • Social Impact Measurement
  • Social Enterprise Resilience 
  • Social Innovation Ecosystems
  • Art and Creativity for Social Change
  • Social Entrepreneurial Values/Identities in Conflict and Post-Conflict Contexts

Research group affiliations

The Centre for Enterprise and Innovation (CEI)

Publications and outputs


Forthcoming Publications

  • Jones, J., Stewart, J., Kah, S., Robert, H., Lundgren, H., Poell, R.F. and Scully-Russ, E. (20**) HRD practitioner roles in organizations: challenges, congruence and changes. HRD 2024 Handbook of Human Resource Development.
  • Kah, S. (20**) Social enterprise. International Encyclopedia of Business Management. Elsevier. 

Journal Articles

  • Lundgren, H., Stewart, J.., Kah, S., Jones, J., Poell, R.F., Hamlin, G. R. and Scully-Russ, E. (2023) Mind the gap – a comparative analysis of (in-) congruences in HRD role perception. Human Resource Development International. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2023.2244711
  • Gonibeed, A., Kah, S. and Wanjiru, R. (2023). How small organisations develop sustainability-oriented strategies: evidence from northwest Himalayas. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 26(6), pp 1269-1289. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEBR-08-2022-0716
  • Akenroye, O.T., Dora, M., Kumar, M., Elbaz, J., Kah, S. and Jebli, F. (2021) A taxonomy of barriers to the adoption of sustainable practices in the coffee farming process. Journal of Cleaner Production, 312, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127818
  • Kah, S. and Akenroye, T. (2020). Evaluation of social impact measurement tools and techniques: a systematic review of the literature. Social Enterprise Journal, 16(4), pp.381-402. https://doi-org.proxy.library.dmu.ac.uk/10.1108/SEJ-05-2020-0027
  • Kah, S., O’Brien, S., Kok, S. and Gallagher, E. (2020) Entrepreneurial motivations, opportunities, and challenges: An international perspective. Journal of African Business, 23(2), pp.380-399, DOI: 10.1080/15228916.2020.1838835

Book Chapters 

  • Murithi, W. and Kah, S. (2024) Tuskys supermarket: The good, the bad, and the ugly in the Kago family business. Edward Elgar Publishing. 
  • Kah, S. (2024) An analytical reflection on conducting virtual focus groups with young women exhibiting limited to moderate digital literacy skills. London: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Kah, S. and Murithi, W. (2023) A practical approach to conducting systematic inquiry in social entrepreneurship research. London: Sage Publications, Inc. Available at: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781529629057

Practitioner Journal Articles & Industry Analysis

Research interests/expertise

  • Social Impact Measurement
  • Sustainability Strategies
  • Organisational Resilience
  • Social Enterprise Start-up
  • Contemporary Business Factors
  • Qualitative Research Methods/Design

Areas of teaching

  • Strategic Management
  • Global Strategic Management
  • Advanced Strategic Management

Previous Teaching

  • Social Enterprise
  • Business Strategy
  • Creative Problem Solving
  • Introduction to Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation
  • Contemporary Issues in Business and Society 


  • PhD in Social Entrepreneurship
  • PGCert in Academic Practice
  • MSc Marketing Management
  • BA Business and Marketing

Honours and awards

  • Women Enterprise Network Award for Social Enterprise and Community Research, March 2024
  • Special Recognition for Sustainability Research, De Montfort University, December 2023
  • Best Paper Award, Academy of Human Resource Development, 2023
  • Early Career Researcher Award, Faculty of Business and Law, De Montfort University, June 2023
  • 3 Minutes Thesis Winner, Liverpool Business School, John Moores University, May 2018
  • UnLtd Try It Award, Liverpool Hope University, 2012

Membership of professional associations and societies

  • Fellow, Advance HE (formerly known as the Higher Education Academy)
  • Member, European Council for Small Business and Entrepreneurship
  • Associate Fellow, Enterprise Education UK
  • Ordinary Member, British Academy of Management


I am currently leading two research projects in the area of social entrepreneurship. Details of the projects are outlined below:

Social Enterprise and Cost-of-Living Crisis, 2023-2025

This project investigates the strategies employed by social enterprises in the UK to address and adapt to the cost-of-living crisis. We classify these response strategies within a matrix of response strategy modes. Subsequently, we establish a framework highlighting various organizational types with dynamic capabilities to illustrate the behaviours and actions that have contributed to organizational resilience.

This collaborative research involves colleagues from Strathmore University, Birmingham City University, and Nottingham Trent University.

Social Entrepreneurship in Uncertain Environments, 2021-2024

While prior research has explored the diverse contextual challenges present in Africa, a comprehensive understanding of the specific contextual factors driving social entrepreneurial activities and the precise solutions they offer remains elusive. To address this gap, we systematically investigate the underlying contextual hurdles that impact African social entrepreneurial endeavours and the specific solutions they employ. Results from this study were presented at the first social enterprise research group webinar in December 2022.

This is a collaborative research with an academic at Strathmore University.

Conference attendance

  • Social entrepreneurial resilience in times of economic crisis: Evidence from minoritised social entrepreneurs. Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Birmingham, UK, 2023.
  • Mind the gap- a comparative analysis of (in-) congruences in HRD role perception. Academy of Human Resource Development. USA, 2023.
  • Strategic leadership in practice: An exploration of personal values-guided social entrepreneurship in the US energy sector. British Academy of Management. Brighton and Hove, UK 2023.
  • How do minoritised social entrepreneurs respond to the cost-of-living crisis? Exploring actions and impact. DMU Faculty of Business and Law Research Conference. Leicester 2023.
  • Historical existence and contributions of social enterprise in Africa: A systematic review of the literature. International Social Innovation Conference. Milan, Italy [Virtual], 2021.
  • Organisational legitimacy a taxonomy of barriers of social impact assessment in social enterprises. Corporate Responsibility Research Conference. Israel [Virtual], 2021.
  • Social impact measurement: A systematic review of the literature. International Social Innovations Research Conference. Glasgow, UK, 2019. 
  • To measure or not to measure? Dilemma of social impact measurement for social enterprises. Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Glasgow, UK, 2015.
  • An investigation into performance measurement in social enterprises in the UK. British Academy of Management. Portsmouth, UK, 2015.

Internally funded research project information

1. Faculty Research Fund 2022/3

The Faculty of Business and Law funds the Social Enterprise and the Cost-of-Living Crisis research project. This fund is for research dissemination to invite the interviewed founders and directors of social enterprises to DMU for a research briefing and further data collection exercise. 

Project Team  - Dr Sally Kah (Project Lead), Dr William Murithi, Mrs Mawish Munawar, Dr Olapeju Ogunmokun and Dr Samuel Osei-Nimo.

2. Quality Research Fund 2019

Liverpool Business School funded the Vocational Education Training in Nonprofit Organisations research in 2019. This research explored the social impact of a vocational education training on young women with no formal education in The Gambia. The vocational training was facilitated by Prospect for Girls Gambia - a US-Embassy funded organisation. 

Project Team - Dr Sally Kah (Project Lead), Dr Loliya Akobo and Dr Seng Kiat Kok.

ORCID number