Dr Bilal Alsheglawi

Job: PT Lecturer/Architecture

Faculty: Arts, Design and Humanities

School/department: Leicester School of Architecture

Address: De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH

T: N/A

E: bilal.s.alsheglawi@dmu.ac.uk


Personal profile

Bilal is an interior architect, graphic designer and a researcher holding bachelor (BSc) and master's (MA) degree in Interior Design. Currently, he is a PhD candidate in Sustainable Architecture. His PhD research focuses on providing the maximum thermal comfort inside the houses in hot and humid regions, without excessive use of energy, satisfying residents socio-cultural needs. Bilal has gained a broad experience in interior and architectural fields through his previous job roles. Also, as a postgraduate student, Bilal has obtained knowledge and skills, making him successful in working independently. Demonstrate research and writing skills as well as, the ability to self- learning computer software in particular design software's. During his four years of studying and working journey at De Montfort University. Bilal has learnt to be a communicator and interactor with people. As he was dealing with individual students from different countries, cultures and religions. Bilal has a strong desire to develop his professional network, and is interested in Postgraduate Research and Higher Education overall.

Research group affiliations

Publications and outputs

Ahmad Taki and Bilal Alsheglawi (2022) Toward Energy-Efficient Houses Considering Social Cultural Needs in Bahrain: A New Framework Approach. Sustainability 2022, 14(11), 6842. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116842

Research interests/expertise

  • Sustainable buildings
  • Low impact built environment
  • Energy and indoor climate
  • Human thermal interaction with the built environment
  • Building performance and sustainability 
  • Research methodologies in the built environment
  • Social culture 


  • BSc and MA in Interior Design
  • PhD Candidate in Sustainable Architecture

PhD project

PhD title

A framework for low energy housing design satisfying socio-cultural aspects in the Kingdom of Bahrain


Among all GCC countries, Bahrain ranked the second in highest energy consumption per person after Kuwait and ranked sixth globally in CO2 emission per capita. As the population of Bahrain grows rapidly, energy consumption also increases. The residential buildings of Bahrain make up 76% of entire buildings and account for 50% of energy consumption. The air conditioners account for over 70% of electricity in a typical Bahraini house, and Bahraini residents pay only 11% of the actual cost of electricity. Therefore, there is a lack of public awareness of sustainable living and wasteful energy consumption among Bahraini residents. The analysis of traditional and modern houses in Bahrain showed significant differences in housing layouts, construction materials and construction methods. The conventional dwellings mainly rely on passive techniques to provide thermal comfort to the householders. 

Moreover, the traditional houses emphasise on the privacy of occupants. And, the freedom of moving inside the house without being visualised from outside the house by strangers. The modern homes, however, use air conditioners; have large windows without shadings and exposed directly to the Sun radiation and the privacy is not emphasised.  Hence, the houses became sealed no door for natural ventilation, highly depends on mechanical cooling devices which caused high energy consumption. In the long term, this can also cause health issues to the house residence. 

Various research has been conducted, seeking to lower the energy consumption in Bahraini homes using renewable energy, bioclimate design, wind-induced natural ventilation for wind tower houses, smart energy management and solar panels. However, there is a lack of research in lowering energy consumption using architectural designs based on traditional houses with an emphasis on a design that suits the Bahraini climate and residence culture issues. Moreover, no research has been carried out on the current social requirements and architectural design trends in Bahrain. This study aims to produce a design framework that can be used to build efficient homes, suiting the local people cultural needs. 


Ahmad Taki, Birgit Painter