Dr Cathy Herbrand

Job: Reader in Medical Sociology

Faculty: Health and Life Sciences

School/department: School of Applied Social Sciences

Research group(s): Centre for Reproduction Research - Centre Deputy Director

Address: De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH

T: +44 (0)1162506422

E: cathy.herbrand@dmu.ac.uk

W: http://www.dmu.ac.uk/hls

Social Media: https://twitter.com/CathyHerbrand

 

Personal profile

Cathy Herbrand is a Reader in Medical Sociology and the Deputy Director of the Centre for Reproduction Research. She holds a PhD in Sociology from the Université libre de Bruxelles which was funded by the Belgian Scientific Research Funds (FNRS). As a FNRS Postdoctoral Researcher, she was a Visiting Fellow at the Social Sience, Health and Medicine Department at King’s College London and at the BIOS Research Centre at London School of Economics and Political Science, as well as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Ottawa.

Cathy is also an appointed member of the Belgian Advisory Committee on Bioethics (2014-2018).

Her research interests lie in the sociological and anthropological study of family, biotechnologies and genetics, with a particular focus on reproductive decision-making, multi-parenthood and gender issues. She is especially interested in exploring the interactions between new parental and reproductive practices and their legal regulation. 

Cathy is currently undertaking research on reproductive choices in the context of mitochondrial disorders. The aim of the research is to gain a better understanding of the interactions between scientific progress, policies and people’s lives, through the analysis of the debates surrounding mitochondrial replacement techniques under development in the UK and their impacts on families affected by mitochondrial disorders.

Cathy is also actively involved in two international collaborative research projects:

-‘A legal and sociological analysis of cross-border surrogacy in France, the UK, Belgium, and Israel’ funded by the French Ministryof Justice and the CNRS and led by Dr K. Parizer (Jan 2015-2017).

-'BioARReMe: The bio-economy of reproduction. The mutually constitutive interaction between assisted reproduction and regenerative medicine in Spain and UK' supervised by Dr V. Pavone (April 2013-June 2015). 

Her previous work explored multi-parenthood through the study of gay and lesbian families’ experiences and regulation in Belgium. Cathy has also studied and published many papers and book chapters on the legal recognition of gay and lesbian parenthood and assisted conception in Belgium, Quebec and the UK.

Research group affiliations

Publications and outputs 

  • Re-thinking egg donation in Europe: expanding practice, extending boundaries.
    Re-thinking egg donation in Europe: expanding practice, extending boundaries. Hudson, Nicky; Culley, Lorraine; Coveney, C.; Herbrand, C.; Pavone, V.; Lafuente, S.; Pennings, G.; Provoost, V.; Weis, C. The expansion of the use of donor eggs in fertility treatment has been exponential. Whilst the majority of egg donation historically took place in the US, donor eggs are used in over 56, 000 cycles of fertility treatment per year in Europe and a number of European egg donation ‘hubs’ have emerged, for example in Spain and Cyprus. Growth in the use of donor eggs in part reflects a changing profile amongst users of assisted reproductive technologies, including growing numbers of older women, male same sex couples, and those at risk from genetic conditions. An increasing number of egg donor ‘intermediaries’ such as egg banks and agencies have also emerged in the European context, reflecting a general shift towards an increasingly commercialised landscape around fertility treatment provision. Despite these changes, few studies have specifically considered their implications. Drawing on an ESRC-funded study on the economic, political and moral configuration of egg donation in the UK, Spain and Belgium, we suggest that changes in the ways egg donation is provided in the European context are worthy of increased attention. Data from policy mapping and interviews with policy stakeholders and professionals illustrate significant shifts in professional and commercial practice. These changes are reshaping the intersubjective, political and social boundaries involved in egg donation in novel and complex ways. We suggest that the expansion and diversification of its use has implications for the policy and regulation of egg donation the European context.
  • Egg providers' views on the use of surplus eggs in the UK, Spain and Belgium: implications for information giving and informed consent (POSTER)
    Egg providers' views on the use of surplus eggs in the UK, Spain and Belgium: implications for information giving and informed consent (POSTER) Hudson, Nicky; Culley, Lorraine; Herbrand, C.; Weis, Christina; Coveney, C.; Goethals, T.; Lafuente, S.; Pavone, V.; Pennings, G.; Provoost, V.
  • Reproduction research: From complexity to methodological innovation
    Reproduction research: From complexity to methodological innovation Buhler, N; Daly, I; Hudson, Nicky; Baldwin, K.; Herbrand, C.
  • Ideals, negotiations and gender roles in gay and lesbian co-parenting arrangements
    Ideals, negotiations and gender roles in gay and lesbian co-parenting arrangements Herbrand, C. This paper engages with the complex gender and parental dynamics experienced in the context of co-parenting arrangements. These arrangements, based on mutual agreement, involve people who commit to raising a child together, possibly with their respective partners. These family forms are usually pursued to avoid what is perceived as the uncertainty surrounding alternative assisted reproductive options such as donor insemination or surrogacy, and to allow the child to have two biological and sexually differentiated parental figures. This paper explores some of the opportunities and challenges presented by co-parenting by focusing on the experiences and accounts of lesbian women and gay men engaged in such family arrangements. Drawing on work by social theorists of the family, the main characteristics of these arrangements are first examined to show that while co-parenting might first seem marginal, it appears particularly well adapted to contemporary social constraints and parenting expectations. The second part of the paper shows how in practice, dominant gender norms remain largely unquestioned and can lead to tensions and unbalanced parental power relationships between biological parents, which in turn, can present a significant challenge to these family arrangements. The analysis therefore suggests that while co-parenting offers the potential for parents to reconcile contradictory social expectations and provide them with opportunities to create family practices that suit them, these are restrained by existing gender norms, in particular by the prevailing role of the biological mother. Health Policy Research Unit The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Materialising the perfect egg 'donor': examining the work of screening technologies in clinical, commercial and counselling practices
    Materialising the perfect egg 'donor': examining the work of screening technologies in clinical, commercial and counselling practices Hudson, Nicky; Coveney, C; LaFuente, S; Provoost, V; Culley, Lorraine; Herbrand, C; Pavone, V; Pennings, P Within Europe, fertility treatment using donor eggs is increasing, with demand coming from a diverse and growing number of recipients, including older women and gay male couples. Within the EU, the practice is governed by common regulation, which states that human tissue must only be provided within principles of voluntary unpaid donation. However country-level policies and practices vary, and it has been argued that due to increasing demand and varying levels of compensation, there is effectively an unofficial egg market emerging within Europe. Simultaneously, forms of clinical screening – both biomedical and discursive - mean that the reproductive potential of some women are given priority over others within this context. This paper explores how a range of screening and selection techniques work to produce the ideal egg donor. Drawing on policy mapping, marketing analysis, and interview data from clinicians and egg providers in the UK, Belgium and Spain, it considers how professional and policy rationalities, screening tools and the knowledges they produce, materialise a particular construction of the idealised, healthy, altruistic ‘donor’. This idealised donor is typically free from psychological and genetic ‘risks’ and expresses motivations in alignment with the principles of voluntary and unpaid donation and as enshrined within European law. We consider whether these tools and technologies may be part of a set of increasingly commercialised choreographies within egg donation in Europe.
  • Gifting, sharing, donating, helping: tracing discourses of altruism and medical need in clinics' recruitment of egg providers
    Gifting, sharing, donating, helping: tracing discourses of altruism and medical need in clinics' recruitment of egg providers Hudson, Nicky; Culley, Lorraine; Coveney, C.; Lafuente, S.; Herbrand, C.; Provoost, V.; Pavone, V.; Pennings, G. Fertility treatment using donor eggs is a growing phenomenon, with over 40,000 cycles performed across Europe per year. European regulations stipulate that in advertising for women to come forward as egg providers, promotional materials must uphold the principles of voluntary and unpaid donation (VUD). This is interpreted differently between countries with some permitting a range of advertising methods and others limiting or prohibiting any form of advertising relating to human bodily material. This paper examines how egg donation is framed in fertility clinic marketing and recruitment discourse as a particular form of bodily donation associated with the treatment of infertility. It draws on a sample of 58 fertility clinic websites across the UK, Belgium and Spain and analysed using a combination of content analysis and frame analysis. We examine the ways in which clinic marketing materials present a particular version of what egg donation involves and an image of the type of woman who acts as an egg donor. We suggest that clinic websites are important cultural spaces that manage the tensions of the market and the logics of altruism within the European context. We illustrate how the promissory potential of donor eggs and associated ‘cure narratives’ are drawn from a distinctly biomedicalised and individualised imaginary which renders egg provision as a noble and socially essential action. In this way egg donation can be framed as a culturally valued practice that should be separated from the logics of the market.
  • Genetics, heritability and family histories: materialising the healthy egg donor in clinical screening practices
    Genetics, heritability and family histories: materialising the healthy egg donor in clinical screening practices Hudson, Nicky; Coveney, C; Herbrand, C Media reporting of a small number of high profile cases in which serious genetic conditions have been inadvertently passed from donor to offspring serve to generate ideas about the potential for genetic risk in donor conception. Current guidance in the European context suggests that egg donors should have no known serious genetic conditions in their family history and additional screening should only be offered where additional risk factors, such as those associated with particular ethnicities, exist. More recently, expanded carrier screening tools are being used routinely in some contexts to identify carriers of recessive conditions amongst all prospective donors. These changes appear to mark a move towards the expansion of genetic testing for donors. Our paper explores how a variety of techniques, which offer to screen for risk of genetic disease, are framed as promissory strategies in the use of egg donation. Drawing on data from an ESRC-funded study on egg donation in the UK, Belgium and Spain, it considers how professional and policy rationalities, screening tools and the knowledges they produce, materialise a particular construction of the idealised, healthy donor who is free from genetic illness and risk. We consider whether these tools may be part of a set of increasingly commercialised choreographies within egg donation in Europe.
  • A comparative analysis of marketing materials used to recruit egg donors in Belgium, Spain and the United Kingdom (Poster).
    A comparative analysis of marketing materials used to recruit egg donors in Belgium, Spain and the United Kingdom (Poster). Culley, Lorraine; Hudson, Nicky; Coveney, C.; Herbrand, C.; Lafuente, S.; Pavone, V.; Pennings, G. Study question: How is egg donation framed in clinic marketing material used to recruit and/or inform potential egg donors in (Dutch speaking) Belgium, Spain and the UK? Summary answer: In Belgium, egg donation (ED) was constructed as an engagement that required considerable investment and entailed clear risks in contrast to Spain and the UK. What is known already: Across Europe, ED recruitment is performed in different ways. Some countries permit a range of advertising methods while others limit or completely prohibit any form of advertising relating to human bodily material (e.g. Belgium). Much of the existing research on recruitment of gamete donors comes from the US where market forces shape practice more directly. This paper focusses on Belgium, Spain and the UK – three countries that hold a stake in the growing global reproductive bio-economy and share features of technological innovation and expertise, but have adopted different regulatory positions in relation to the governance and marketing of ED. Study design, size, duration: An interdisciplinary team of researchers (bioethics, political economy, sociology) conducted a content analysis (including high frequency words analysis) as well as a comparative thematic analysis to consider ‘framing’ of egg donation in the data. Interdisciplinary auditing was used to challenge constructed categories and the conceptual framework at several points in the analysis. The findings were compared with country laws and informed consent rules and the implications for informed consent were studied. Participants: In Belgium, all Dutch language websites of centres were included compared to around 20 clinic websites in both Spain and the UK. For the latter countries, maximum variation sampling was used taking into account geographical location, number of cycles, and sector (public/private). In Belgium, ED is almost entirely situated in the publicly funded system whereas in Spain and the UK it is mainly performed in the private sector. Main results and the role of chance: In all three countries, ED recipients were presented as women whose fertility problems were no fault of their own, constructing a clear need for the donor to fulfil. Descriptions of medical profiles included ‘early menopause’ while natural menopause was absent. With regard to the act of donating, in Spain and the UK, words such as ‘sharing’, and ‘helping’ were considerably more frequently used compared to the Belgian data. Especially in Spain, ED was constructed as a form of solidarity between women nonetheless with a clear emphasis on the compensation. In Belgium, where clinic advertising is strictly regulated, ED was presented as requiring a considerable investment of time and energy from the donor. Potential egg donors in Belgium were repeatedly warned that the act was ‘not straightforward’ and ‘something to reflect about very carefully’. The Belgian material also appeared to be more focussed on risks and side effects than the Spain and UK material. The data were analysed within the policy context of the countries. We will discuss the possible impact of the public/private sector setting and of the Belgian ban on advertising for the way ED is framed and the implications of the differences in marketing material for informed consent. Limitations, reasons for caution: The results are limited to three countries, and to a (well considered) selection of clinics, therefore precluding generalisation to whole countries. Further research will be needed on the effects of recruitment discourses on potential donors in order to generate more general conclusions and recommendations. Wider implications of the findings: These results can contribute to a more complete understanding of the recruitment of egg donors as a practice that depends on specific discourses and is embedded in particular policy contexts. The identification of problematic framing of marketing material is crucial in terms of safeguarding true informed consent of donors.
  • Mitochondrial donation, patient engagement and narratives of hope
    Mitochondrial donation, patient engagement and narratives of hope Herbrand, C.; Dimond, Rebecca This article develops the sociology of hope and patient engagement by exploring how patients’ perceptions and actions are shaped by narratives of hope surrounding the clinical introduction of novel reproductive techniques. In 2015, after extensive public debates, the UK became the first country to legalise mitochondrial donation techniques aimed at preventing the transmission of inherited disorders. The article draws on the accounts of twenty-two women of reproductive age who are at risk of having a child with mitochondrial disease and would be the potential target of the techniques. We explore the extent to which our participants engaged with the public debates and how they accounted for their support of mitochondrial donation. We show that while the majority of our participants were in favour of legalisation, they did not necessarily wish to use the techniques themselves. We found that hope was multi-faceted, involving hope for self, hope for family and hope for society. We conclude by considering the implications of hope narratives for patients and families and the important but potentially limited role that patients can play as advocates for technology. Health Policy Research Unit
  • Representing 'altruistic donation' in Europe: an analysis of fertility clinic websites in the UK, Belgium and Spain
    Representing 'altruistic donation' in Europe: an analysis of fertility clinic websites in the UK, Belgium and Spain Hudson, Nicky; Coveney, C.; Herbrand, C.; Culley, Lorraine; Pavone, V.; Pennings, P.; Provoost, V.; Lafuente, S. European regulation on advertising for egg providers makes clear the need to ensure that principles of voluntary and unpaid donation (VUD) are upheld at the country level (ref). Across Europe this requirement is differently interpreted, with some countries permitting a range of advertising methods and others limiting or completely prohibiting any form of advertising relating to human bodily material - in some contexts this is punishable with imprisonment. Whilst there is growing scholarship which explores the recruitment of gamete providers much of this work still comes from the US where market forces shape practice. To date there has been no systematic or detailed study on the position of egg providers within the Europe context. This paper is part of a larger, multi-phased comparative study, which explores egg donation in the UK, Belgium and Spain - three countries that hold a stake in the growing global reproductive bio-economy and share features of technological innovation and expertise, but have each adopted differing regulatory positions in relation to the governance of egg donation. In this presentation, we draw specifically on analysis of fertility clinic websites and marketing materials across these three countries. First, we present a brief overview of the specific context in each country with regards to key regulatory questions such as compensation levels, identifiability, and rules around advertising for egg providers, in order to illustrate the policy variation which exists at the national level. Second, we present analysis of data from fertility clinic websites across the three countries to. We consider how the social, ethical and commercial specificity of each context shapes how egg providers are represented as 'donors' and reflect on the potential implications this has for the meanings, experiences and understandings of women who provide their eggs to clinics.

Click here to view a full listing of Cathy Herbrand's publications and outputs.

Research interests/expertise

  • Sociology of family
  • Reproductive technologies
  • Gay and lesbian families
  • Multi-parenthood
  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Genetics
  • Sociology of health and biomedicine
  • Sociology of law and bioethics

Areas of teaching

  •  Family and Reproduction
  •  Gender and Sexuality
  •  Social Research Methods
  •  Studying and recruiting vulnerable populations
  •  Sociology 
  •  Health and Medicine
  •  Feminist Anthropology

Qualifications

  • Ph.D. in Sociology, Université Libre de Bruxelles (2004 – 2008)
  • Postgraduate degree in Sociology, Université Libre de Bruxelles (2003 – 2004)
  • MA in Sociology, Université Libre de Bruxelles (2001 – 2003)  
  • BA in Sociology and Anthropology, Université Libre de Bruxelles (1999 – 2001)

Courses taught

  • Leader of the Master module ‘Making Sense of Quantitative and Qualitative Data’ (HEST5016), De Montfort University.
  • Guest Lecturer since 2013 on the MA Module 'Researching vulnerable populations' at King's College London. Sessions on 'Sampling and recruiting vulnerable and hard to reach groups' and 'Encouraging participation in research'.
  • Doctoral Training Programme in Research Methods (Feb 2016, De Montfort University). Session on 'Handling sensitive issues in interviewing'.
  • BA Module 'Gender, health and healthcare' (Feb 2015-16, De Montfort University). Session on 'Reproductive choices in the context of mitochondriql disorders.
  • Module 'MA Applied Health Studies' (Jan 2015-16, De Montfort University). Session on 'Qualitative methods ans Data Analysis'.
  • BA Module 'Ethnology History' (as a guest lecturer - 19 May 2015- University of Neuchatel, Switzerland). Session entitled 'Feminist anthropology' (in French).
  • Teaching assistant of the MA Module 'Advanced Topics in Anthropology: Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality' (2010, in French, 24h) at the Université Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Leader of the BA Course 'Introduction to Sociology' (20010, in French, 24h) at the Université Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Leader of the BA Course 'Socio-anthropology of Family (Sep 2008 – Jan 2009, in French, 45h) at the University of Ottawa

 

Honours and awards

Grants, honours and awards:

  • Selected for participating in DMU's Future Research Leaders Programme (Jan 2015-Dec 2015), including a research visit with prof. Rayna Rapp at New York University (Nov 2015).
  • De Monfort Early-Career Research Fellowship (Nov 2013-Oct 2015)
  • FNRS Four-year Postdoctoral Fellowship (Oct 2008-Sept 2012)
  • FNRS Four-year PhD scholarship (Oct 2004-Sept 2008)
  • Overseas research visit grant from the Communauté française (Belgium)
  • Award from the Sociology Department (ULB) for producing one of the top three 2003 Master Theses
  • Best graduating student in 2003: Excellence Award from the Université Libre de Bruxelles.

Membership of external committees

  • Appointed member of the Belgian Advisory Committee on Bioethics (2014-2018)
  • Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals & Public Policy (King’s College London)
  • Member of the expert group set up and regularly consulted by the Belgian Committee for the Children’s Rights (Brussels, May 2010 – 2014)
  • Invited expert. Debate on “step-families” organised by Les Femmes Prévoyantes Socialistes (Belgium, 26 Mar 2013) 
  • Invited expert. Debate on “the regulation of surrogacy in Belgium” organised by the Belgian Association of Lesbian and Gay Families (Brussels, 30 Nov 2012)
  • Member of a doctoral jury: dissertation of Katrien De Graeve (University of Gent, 4 May 2012)
  • Invited expert. Conseil supérieur de l’Adoption (Ministère de la Communauté française, Belgium - 5 Oct 2011).
  • Member of the Editorial Board. Revue de l’Institut de sociologie (Brussels, 2010 – 2012)
  • Member of the Scientific Board of a research on transsexuality funded by the Institut pour l’égalité des hommes et des femmes (Brussels, Sep 08-May 09) 
  • Invited expert. Research on step-families funded by the Fondation Roi Baudouin, Apr 2009).

Membership of professional associations and societies

  • Co-convenor of the British Sociological Association’s Human Reproduction Study Group (HRSG) since 2016
  • Co-convenor of the British Sociological Association’s East Midlands Medical Sociology Group (EMMS) since 2014
  • Member of the British Sociological Association (BSA) and the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S)

Conference attendance

  • ‘Having “a child of one’s own” in the context of inherited disease: meanings and motivations of women carrying mitochondrial disorder’. Paper presented at the BSA’s Medical Sociology Group Annual Conference, Glasgow, 12 Sep 2018.

  • ‘Powering life: exploring the bio-objectification of mitochondria in reproduction’. Paper presented at the international EASST conference, Lancaster, 25 Jul 2018.

  • ‘What will happen to our blueprint?’: Genetic identity, inheritance and kinship through the lens of mitochondrial donation debates’. Paper presented at the international conference ‘Remaking Reproduction’, Cambridge, 27 Jun 2018.

  • ‘How was the legalisation of mitochondrial donation possible in the UK? Exploring key strategies employed during the debates’. Invited speaker at the Health Ethics and Law (HEAL) Seminar Series, Southampton University, 8 Nov 2017.  
  • ‘Genetic Inheritance and Reproductive Processes through the lens of Mitochondrial Donation’. Paper presented at the Centre for Reproduction Research’s Seminar Series, De Montfort University, 11 Oct 2017.     
  • ‘Mitochondrial donation, patient engagement and narratives of hope’, paper presented at the British Sociological Association Medical Sociology Group Annual Conference, University of York, 15 September 2017.

  • ‘Genome editing: social and ethical challenges’, invited speaker at the Talking about Genome Editing workshop organised by Genetic Alliance UK and Progress Educational Trust, London, 20 May 2017.

  • ‘Techniques de remplacement mitochondrial en Grande-Bretagne: incertitudes médicales et enjeux de régulation’, invited speaker at the EHESS TechnoRep seminar, Paris, France, 15 May 2017.

  • ‘Mitochondrial donation: Who are the potential beneficiaries’, paper presented at The Sociology of Mitochondrial Disorders and Novel Reproductive Technologies Symposium, London, 5 May 2017.

  • Mitochondrial therapeutic interventions: who will benefit?’, presented at the World Congress of the International Association of Bioethics (IAB), Edinburgh, UK,15 June 2016.

  • 'Mitochondria, the "augment" techniaue and the reconfiguration of reproductive ageing' (with N. Buhler), presented at the Symposium 'Postponing Childbirth, Extending Fertility? Biotechnologies and the Transformations of Reproductive Life’ (URL: http://www.dmu.ac.uk/research/research-faculties-and-institutes/health-and-life-sciences/reproduction-research-group/postponing-childbirth-extending-fertility-biotechnologies-and-the-transformations-of-reproductive-life.aspx), De Montfort University, UK.13 May 2016.

  • 'New mitochondrial donation techniques and reproductive choices: perceptions, hopes and ambivalences in women’s accounts’ (with R. Dimond), presented at the BSA Human Reproduction and Families and Relationships Study Groups Conference, University of Roehampton, UK,11 Nov 2015.            

  • ‘Mitochondrial replacement techniques: the “miracle solution” for women to have healthy biological children?’, presented at the International Conference ‘Reproductive rights, new reproductive technologies and the European fertility market’, Bilbao, Spain, 19 Nov 2015.                

  • ‘Inheritance and reproductive processes in the lens of mitochondrial replacement techniques’, presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S), Denver, US, 13 Nov 2015.   

  • ‘“Conceived from three genetic parents?” Reproduction, inheritance and life processes beyond mitochondrial replacement techniques’. Invited speaker at the Science Studies seminar, Department of Anthropology, New York University, US, 30 Oct 2015.  

  • ‘Information sharing in donor conception: considering the impact of differing regulatory approaches in the UK and Belgium’, presented at the British Sociological Association’s Medical Sociology Group Annual Conference,  University of York, UK, 10 Sep 2015.             

  • ‘Technology of hope vs. the slippery slope?’ Deconstructing the debate on ‘three parent IVF’. Invited keynote speaker at the British Sociological Association’s Human Reproduction Study Group Annual Meeting, Open University, UK, 23 July 2015.

  • ‘Créer un enfant ayant trois "parents" génétiques? Caractéristiques et enjeux socio-anthropologiques des techniques de remplacement mitochondrial’, presentation at the Congress of the Association française d'ethnologie et d'anthropologie, Toulouse, France, 1 July 2015.

  • ‘Medically-based genetic diagnosis vs. experience-based disease definition: consequences for sampling in qualitative research’, presentation at the Global Congress for Qualitative Health Research, Merida, Mexico, 19 Mar 2015.

  • ‘Egg donation in the UK: Key developments and research priorities’ (with N. Hudson and L. Culley), presentation at the workshop ‘Egg donation in Europe: evidence from research, policy and practice’, De Montfort University, Leicester, 24 Nov 2014.

  • ‘Définition et ampleur des recompositions familiales : le point de vue du sociologue’. Invited speaker at the interdisciplinary conference on ‘Step-families’, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, 14 Nov 2014.

  • 'Egg procurement in practice: a comparison of the UK and Spain', presented at the International Conference on Critical Kinship Studies, Odense, Denmark,10 Oct 2014.

  • 'Egg procurement in practice: a comparison of the UK and Spain', presented at at the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina,  20 Aug 2014.

  • 'Nuclear tranfer techniques for mitochondrial disorders', invited speaker by The Prince’s Teaching Institute, Birkbeck University, London, UK, 14 July 2014.

  • ‘Genetics, reproduction and biotechnologies in the context of mitochondrial disorders’, presented at the Reproduction Research Group Seminar, De Montfort University, UK, 26 Feb 2014.

  • “Approche pluridisciplinaire des questions de parentalité”, presented at the XIII Conference of the Belgian Association Family and Law, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 29 Nov 2013.

  • “Les impasses de la pluriparentalité en droit belge, français et québécois”, invited speaker at the “Semaine du Genre” organised by the Université de Nice and Alter Egaux, Nice, France, 7 Nov 2013.

  • “How gay and lesbian couples in coparenting arrangements regard biology and multi-parental recognition”, invited speaker at the Bioethics Institute Ghent, Gent, Belgium. 4 Sep 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. “Nuclear Transfer Techniques for Mitochondrial Disorders: Ethical Issues with respect to the Germ-line Categorisation”, paper presented at the XX Conference of Law and Human Genome, Bilbao, Spain, 21 May 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. ‘‘Que devient le parent social lorsque les deux parents biologiques sont présents ? Analyse de coparentalités gaies et lesbiennes’’, paper presented at the international ACFAS Conference « Regards croisés sur les familles issues de la diversité sexuelle », Québec, Canada, 9 May 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. “Famille, familles: aspects sociologiques”, invited speaker at the conference organised by the association Femmes Prévoyantes Socialistes, Brussels, Belgium, 23 Apr 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. “Preventing mitochondrial disorders through nuclear transfer techniques: social and ethical issues”, paper presented at the interdisciplinary workshop on “Genetic Transparency” (18-23 March), Lübeck, Germany, 20 Mar 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. “La pluriparentalité dans le contexte belge”, invited speaker at the conference “Les nouvelles familles” organised by the APGL and the CNAFAL, Lille, France, 5 Mar 2013.

  • Herbrand, C. “A step further: questioning kinship and reproductive choice in the perspective of the new nuclear transfer techniques for mitochondrial disorders”, conference on “Selective reproductive technologies”, Copenhagen, Denmark, 14 Dec 2012.

  • Herbrand, C. “Family relationships in gay father families”, presented at the workshop “We are Family? Perceptions of relatedness in assisted conception families”, Geneva, Switzerland, 15 Nov 2012.

  • Herbrand, C. “Between open-identity, anonymity, and disclosure in gamete and embryo donations: a comparative analysis of the UK and Belgian policies”, presented at the ESF Exploratory Workshop on “New Perspectives on Gamete and Embryo Donation: Ethics, Kinship and Citizenship in a Globalised World”, Colchester, UK, 11 Sep 2012.

  • Herbrand, C. « La régulation des nouvelles formes de parenté en Belgique : enjeux éthiques et questions en suspens », presented at the conference « Genre et éthique », Institut Emilie du Châtelet, Paris, France, 8 Jun 2012.

  • Herbrand, C. “The Gay and Lesbian Coparenting Projects: Between Changes and Continuities”, Center for Family Research Seminar, University of Cambridge, UK, 20 Feb 2012.

  • Herbrand, C. "Gender relationships and kinship representations within gay and lesbian coparenting projects”, presented at the Annual Congress of the American Anthropological Association (AAA), Montréal, Canada, 19 Nov 2011.

  • Herbrand, C. « La procréation médicalement assistée en Belgique : reflet de la diversité familiale ? », presented at the conference « Nouvelles techniques de reproduction, genre et parenté », Lyon, France, 15 Nov 2011.

  • Herbrand, C. “Biology and Gender Representations in Alternative Families: the Case of Lesbian and Gay Coparenting Projects”, invited speaker at the Bios Seminar, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK, 9 Jun 2011.

  • Herbrand, C. « How trying to conform to some “traditional” parental norms can create new family patterns: the case of lesbian and gay “co-parenting” », presented at the annual Congress of the British Sociological Association (BSA), London, UK, 8 Apr 2011.

Consultancy work

  • Member of the Belgian Advisory Committee on Bioethics (2014-2018)
  • Gender Advisor and Programme Coordinator for the Gender Equality Chart Trial of the Social Science, Health and Medicine Department at King’s College London
  • Expert for the Belgian Committee of the Children’s Rights (Service du Délégué général aux droits de l'enfant).

Current research students

    • Kriss Fearon, Reproductive decision-making, parenthood and the use of assisted conception: an exploratory study of the perceptions and experiences of women with Turner Syndrome. DMU Full Bursary Scholarship (2015-2018): first supervisor
    • Sasha Loyal: Exploring perceptions of reproductive timing within British South Asian communities. DMU High Flyer scholarship (2016-2019): second supervisor
    • Paris Connolly: Exploring women's and men's lived experiences and perspectives of Female Genital Cutting in the UK. DMU High Flyer scholarship (2015-Sept 2018): second supervisor
    • Victoria Crowdell: Selling hope? Investigating the UK ICF industry and the case of fertility treatment add ons. DMU Full Bursary Scholarship (Jan 2018-2021): second supervisor
    • Sumaira Rahid: Infertility experiences and treatments in Pakistan (Jan 2018-2021): second supervisor

Externally funded research grants information

  • Understanding Klinefelter Syndrome: genetics, gender and reproduction. Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness Grant Development Award. Hanna E. (PI), Hudson N., McEleny, Stevenson E., Quinton R., Wilkes S., Herbrand C. (CI). £4,682.20 (Jan-Aug 2018).
  • MITOSOC: The Sociology of mitochondrial disorders and new reprogenetic technologies, Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness Symposium/Workshop Support Grant, Herbrand C. (PI), Dimond R. (CI). £2,490 (symposium in London on 4-5 May 2017).
  • Egg donation in the UK, Belgium and Spain: an interdisciplinary study, ESRC Research Grant, Hudson N. (PI), Culley L., Herbrand C. (CI), Pennings G., Pavone V£494.000 (March 2017 - Feb 2020).
  • Postponing childbirth, extending fertility: biotechnologies and the transformations of reproductive life. Wellcome Trust Society & Ethics Small Grant Award. Hudson, N. (PI), Baldwin K., Buhler N., Culley L., Daly I., Herbrand C. (CI), Law C. £4990 (April – Oct 2016).
  • Collaborative development of a multi-disciplinary research council funding application on the experience and ethics of egg donation. Sociology of Health and Illness Foundation Research Grant Development Award. Hudson N. (PI), Culley L., Herbrand C. (CI), Pennings G., Pavone V. £5178. October 2014 – May 2015.

Internally funded research project information

  • Selling hope? Investigating the UK IVF industry and the case of fertility treatment “add-ons”. Funding awarded for 3-year PhD Scholarship, De Montfort University. Hudson N. (1st supervisor), Herbrand C. (2nd supervisor), Baldwin K. (Oct 2017-2020).
  • DMU Future Research Leaders Programme (Jan 2015-Dec 2015): monthly training sessions, 1-2-1 coaching and internship with prof. Rayna Rapp at New York University (Nov 2015).
  • Exploring perceptions of reproductive timing within British South Asian communities: A qualitative study. Funding awarded for 3 year High Flyer PhD Scholarship, De Montfort University. Daly I. (1st supervisor), Hudson N., Herbrand C. (October 2016 – 2019).
  • Reproductive decision-making, parenthood and the use of assisted conception amongst women with Turner Syndrome: an exploratory study. Funding awarded for 3 year PhD Scholarship, De Montfort University. Herbrand C. (1st supervisor), Hudson N., Daly I. (October 2015 – 2018).
  • Egg Donation in Europe: an international workshop. De Montfort University Revolving Investment Fund. Hudson N. (PI), Culley L., Herbrand C. (CI) (£4505. August 2014-July 2015).
  • De Montfort University Early Career Research Fellowship, Funding awarded for 2 years  (Nov 2013-Nov 2015).

Publications

 

Co-edited volume of a journal:

Baldwin K., Buhler N., Daly I., Herbrand C., Hudson N. (eds), ‘Innovating Reproduction Research: approaches, methods and reflexive moments’, Methodological Innovations (under review, publication in October 2018).

Courduriès J., Herbrand C. (eds) (2014) ‘Parenté et techniques de reproduction assistée: les enjeux contemporains au regard du genre’ Enfances, Familles et Générations, 21.

Berliner D., Herbrand C. (eds) (2010) 'Sexualités : apprentissage et performance' Civilisations. Revue internationale d’anthropologie et de sciences humaines, vol. 59 (1).

 

Articles and book chapters (refereed):

Herbrand C. ‘Ideals, negotiations and gender roles in gay and lesbian co-parenting arrangements’ Anthropology and Medicine (in press).

Herbrand C., Dimond R. (2017) ‘Mitochondrial donation, patient engagement and narratives of hope’ Sociology of Health and Illness, 1-16. Early Access online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1467-9566.12631/epdf.               

Herbrand C. (2017) ‘Mitochondrial replacement techniques: who are the potential users and will they benefit?’ Bioethics, 31 (1): 46-54.

Herbrand C. (2017) ‘Co-parenting arrangements in lesbian and gay families: when the ‘mum and dad’ ideal generates innovative family forms’ Families, Relationships and Societies, 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1332/204674317X14888886530269.

Kerasidou A., Herbrand C., Dreyer M. (2016) ‘Who is the subject of genetic responsibility?’, in Dreyer M., Erdmann J. and C. Rehmann-Sutter (eds.), Genetic Transparency? Ethical and social implications of next generation human genomics and genetic medicine, Brill, 81-112.

Hudson N., Herbrand C. (2015) ‘Information sharing in donor conception: comparing regulations, ethics and cultural practices in the UK and Belgium’ Journal of Medical Law and Ethics, 3 (3): 175-192.

Herbrand C. (2015) ‘Comprendre le besoin de reconnaissance légale en matière de pluriparentalité : pistes de réflexion à partir des coparentalités gaies et lesbiennes’ Canadian Journal of Women and the Law/Revue Femmes et Droit, 27(1): 71-93.

Courduriès J., Herbrand C. (2014) ‘Gender, kinship and assisted reproductive technologies: future directions after 30 years of research’ Enfances, Familles et Générations, 21: 1-27.

 Herbrand C. (2014) ‘Nuclear Transfer Techniques for mitochondrial disorders: How to conceptualise them ethically with respect to the germ-line therapies?’ Law and the Human Genome Review, special issue 2014: 243-249.

Smietana M., Jennings S., Herbrand C., Golombok S. (2014) ‘Family relationships in gay father families with young children in Belgium, Spain and the UK’, in Freeman T., Graham S., Ebtehaj F., Richards M. (eds.), Relatedness in Assisted Reproduction: families, origins, identities, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 192-211.

Gallus N., Herbrand C. (2014) ‘La parentalité sous l’angle du droit et de la sociologie : évolutions, enjeux et régulation’, in J. Sosson (ed.), Filiation, origines, parentalité, Brussels, Larcier – Bruylant, 313-346.

Herbrand C. (2014) ‘Les rendre grands-parents : l’enjeu des relations intergénérationnelles au sein des coparentalités gaies et lesbiennes’ in Courduriès J., Fine A. (eds.), Homosexualité et parenté, Armand Colin, 175-188.

Herbrand C. (2012)La filiation à l’épreuve de la présomption de « paternité » pour les couples de même sexe : questionnements et perspectives à partir du cas belge’, Droit et Société, 82 : 689-712.

Herbrand C. (2012) ‘La loi sur la procréation médicalement assistée en Belgique : reflet de la diversité familiale ?’ in Gallus N. (ed.), Le droit des familles : genre et sexualité, Bruxelles, Anthemis, 321-337.

Herbrand C. (2011) ‘L’impasse de la pluriparentalité au niveau légal : analyse du projet de “parenté sociale” en Belgique’ Enfances, Familles et Générations, 14: 26-50.

Herbrand C. (2011) ‘La filiation monosexuée en Belgique et au Québec : jeux et enjeux de parcours législatifs distincts’ in Corriveau P., Daoust V. (eds.), La régulation sociale des « minorités sexuelles », Québec, Presses de l’Université du Québec, 105-134.

Berliner D., Herbrand C. (2010) ‘Pragmatiques et médiations sexuelles’, Civilisations. Revue internationale d’anthropologie et de sciences humaines, 59 (1) : 11–20.

Herbrand C., Paternotte D. (2010) ‘Vers la fin de l'opposition homosexualité/hétérosexualité en droit familial belge ?’Bulletin d’histoire politique, 18 (2): 139-152.

Herbrand C. (2009) ‘Déclinaisons du désir d’enfant dans les coparentalités homosexuelles’ Revue des Sciences Sociales, 41: 38-49.

Paternotte D., Herbrand C. (2009) ‘L’hétérosexualité au miroir des évolutions contemporaines du couple et de la famille’ in Deschamps C., Gaissad L., Taraud C. (eds.), Hétéros, Paris, Epel, 155-165.

Herbrand C. (2008) ‘Belgique. Les mutations du mariage et de la parenté’ in Descoutures V., Digoix M., Fassin E., Rault W. (eds.), Mariages et homosexualités dans le monde. L’arrangement des normes familiales, Paris, Autrement, 32-42.

Herbrand C. (2008) ‘Le concept de “risque” dans le cadre des expérimentations pharmacologiques’ in Cartuyvels Y. (eds.), Les ambivalences du risque. Regards croisés en sciences sociales, Brussels, Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, 281-295.

Herbrand C. (2007) ‘Les sciences sociales à l’épreuve de l’homoparentalité’ Cultures et Sociétés, 3: 36-40.

Herbrand C. (2007) ‘Corps et expérimentations pharmacologiques’ Illusio. Revue de l’Université de Caen-Basse-Normandie, 4: 331-347.

Herbrand C. (2007) ‘La parenté sociale : une réponse à la diversité familiale ?’ in Casman M.-T., Simays C., Bulckens R., Mortelmans D. (eds.), Familles plurielles. Politique familiale sur mesure?, Brussels, Editions Luc Pire, 183-189.

Herbrand C., Paternotte D. (2007) ‘L’ouverture du mariage et de l’adoption aux couples de même sexe : dernière étape des politiques « homosexuelles » ?’ L’Année Sociale, special issue 2006: 47-62.

Herbrand C. (2006) ‘L’adoption par les couples de même sexe’ Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP, 1911-1912: 1-72.

 

Papers, reviews and commentaries (non-refereed):

Herbrand C. (24 May 2018) ‘Submission 54. Inquiry into the Science of mitochondrial donation and related matters’ Community Affairs References Committee, Senate, Australia. URL: https://www.aph.gov.au/sitecore/content/Home/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/MitochondrialDonation/Submissions

Herbrand C. (22 January 2018) ‘Revolutionising reproduction: setting a new moral compass’ BioNews 934. URL: https://www.bionews.org.uk/page_96333.

Dimond R., Herbrand C. (12 June 2017) ‘Event Review: Exploring the sociology of mitochondrial donation’ BioNews 904. URL: http://www.bionews.org.uk/page_850204.asp.

Herbrand C. (19 Dec 2016) ‘The Warnock report and the 14-day rule’, BioNews 882. URL: http://www.bionews.org.uk/page_753765.asp.

Herbrand C. (11 Jan 2016) ‘Three-person IVF: What makes mitochondrial donation different?’, BioNews 834. URL: http://www.bionews.org.uk/page_604026.asp

Herbrand C. (22 Sep 2014) ‘Radio Review: Mum and Dad and Mum’, BioNews 772. URL: http://www.bionews.org.uk/page_454686.asp

Herbrand C. (2007) ‘Qu’en est-il de l’adoption par des couples homosexuels ?’, Journal du Droit des Jeunes. Revue d’action juridique et sociale, Bruxelles, p. 31-33.

Herbrand C., Paternotte D. (2006) ‘Couples et familles homosexuelles. Aspirations contemporaines’, Espace de Libertés, Bruxelles, Centre d’Action Laïque, 341, p. 12-13.

Dewaele A., Herbrand C., Paternotte D. (2006) ‘Etudes gayes et lesbiennes/holebi-studies : Etat des savoirs critique et regards croisés entre la Flandre et la Communauté française de Belgique’ in Sophia, Genderstudies/een genre apart? Savoir de genre/quel genre de savoir? Conference proceedings, Annual conference of the Sophia network (2005), Brussels, 154-171.

 

Research reports :

- 2017 ‘Legal and sociological analysis of the French context considering foreign practices related to the filiation of children conceived through surrogacy abroad (united-Kingdom, Belgium, Israel)’. Research report coordinated by K. Parizer for Mission de Recherche Droit & Justice.

- 2004 ‘Le métro Bruxellois : Rapport général. Processus d’écoute des citoyens concernant l’insécurité’. Research report for the Fondation Roi Baudouin, Bruxelles, Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis, Centres d’études sociologiques, 36 p.

- 2004 (with G. Stangherlin) ‘La gare du Nord : Rapport général. Processus d’écoute des citoyens concernant l’insécurité’. Research report for the Fondation Roi Baudouin, Bruxelles, Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis, Centres d’études sociologiques, 39 p.

 

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