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International Child Law

Module code: LLBP 3024

Module description

This module introduces students to the field of international child law and policy. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 has been of great interest for international lawyers because of its near-universal ratification by States Parties. This important code of children's rights has been further strengthened by two substantive optional protocols relating to: i) 'Children and Armed Conflict', and ii) the 'Sale of children, child pornography and child prostitution'. A third optional protocol establishing a Communications Procedure (i.e. a complaints forum in Geneva) came into force in 2014. Decisions generated under this new procedure should further enhance a jurisprudence of international children's rights.

The movement of families and the proliferation of family forms have also raised practical challenges for legal regimes established by the Hague Conference dealing with intercountry adoption and international child abduction.

The labour markets of both developed and developing nations continue to raise issues about how children can be protected from exploitative practices. There are also further challenges presented by the needs of particular groups of children; e.g. disabled children, street children, abused children, children in armed conflicts and indigenous children.

Contact hours per student per year

  • Lectures: 22 hours


  • Research paper: 40%
  • Unseen exam: 60%

Additional costs: No extra costs other than purchase of books