Privacy and Security

‘Privacy and Security’ are areas that at times conflict and at others may be co-dependent. The context in which privacy and security are considered therefore can have a considerable impact on how they are perceived, the importance placed on them, who is responsible and so on. For example, where ‘National Security’ concerns trump civil liberties, privacy and rights to freedom; Surveillance and monitoring technologies are developed to make people feel safer and to deter crime or acts of terrorism. Further, industry drives the development of surveillance technologies due to a desire for greater profits through greater cost savings through greater monitoring mechanisms, of people, process and products.

The growing use of social networking technology has led to concerns about consumer privacy and the security of personal data, and the future development of cloud computing raises further concerns for privacy in the future. Technological and legislative approaches to privacy and security go some way towards addressing some concerns, but political, social, cultural and developmental differences means that often they are insufficient, too late, or unenforceable.

These thematic provide some direct links to other thematic areas within CCSR such as Emerging Technologies, Social Computing and Responsible Research & Innovation.

This thematic area will therefore consider:

  • What do we mean by Privacy & Security?
  • Privacy across countries and cultures and the transfer and storage of data
  • Data Protection
  • Security
  • Surveillance and Monitoring

This thematic area also aims to:

  • Explore the ethical theories and philosophy surrounding privacy and security
  • Consider the impact of surveillance on the individual and society
  • Explore issues that surround the growth of surveillance technologies and their impact on crime prevention, detection and as a provider of evidence
  • Investigate the issues of cybercrime and cyber-terrorism
  • Evaluate how individual life-stages and product life-cycle can affect perception of the need for privacy and security
  • Engage with developers and policy makers about how technologies are developed and implemented with a view to raising awareness about privacy and security by design
  • Engage the wider public, particularly social media users in raising awareness of the issues and how privacy can be protected

Indicative Examples

  • Workplace Surveillance
  • The Importance of Privacy
  • Monitoring and Social Control
  • Surveillance Technologies

Approaches to Privacy & Security

The Importance of Privacy:

  • A Right?
  • Wellbeing & Happiness
  • Innovation
  • Freedom

Workplace Surveillance:

  • Trust
  • Employer/Employee Relations
  • Work/Life balance

Monitoring and Social Control:

  • The Panoptic Effect
  • Social Sorting
  • Terrorism, the media and the growth of surveillance

Surveillance Technologies:

  • CCTV
  • RFID
  • Biometrics
  • GPS
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