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Professor Yingjie Yang

Job: Professor of Computational Intelligence

Faculty: Computing, Engineering and Media

School/department: School of Computer Science and Informatics

Research group(s): Centre for Computational Intelligence (CCI) and De Montfort University Interdisciplinary Group in Intelligent Transport Systems (DIGITS)

Address: De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH, United Kingdom

T: +44 (0)116 257 7939

E: yyang@dmu.ac.uk

W: https://www.dmu.ac.uk/cci

 

Personal profile

Dr. Yingjie Yang was awarded his first PhD in Engineering from Northeastern University in 1994, and his second PhD in Computer Science in 2008. He has published more than 100 papers in international journals and conferences. He has been involved in more than 90 international conferences as a member of program committees and organised a number of international conferences and special sessions such as 2015 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Service, IEEE SMC 2014 and IEEE WCCI2008. As a senior member of IEEE, Dr. Yang serves as a co-chair of the Technical Committee on Grey Systems, IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society and the vice chair for the task force for competition in IEEE Fuzzy Systems Technical Committee. He is serving also as an associate editor for 5 international academic journals, including IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics. He had been invited to give plenary speech at a number of international confertences, such as the 2013, 2011 and 2009 IEEE Conferences on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services and the 2001 international conference on Airport Management.

Publications and outputs

  • A Supplier Selection Model Using Alternative Ranking Process by Alternatives’ Stability Scores and the Grey Equilibrium Product
    A Supplier Selection Model Using Alternative Ranking Process by Alternatives’ Stability Scores and the Grey Equilibrium Product Zakeri, Shevin; Yang, Yingjie; Konstantas, Dimitri Supply chain management begins with supplier evaluation and selection. The supplier selection deals with various criteria with different contexts which makes it a complex multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) method. In this paper, a novel MCDM method, called the alternative ranking process by alternatives’ stability scores (ARPASS), is proposed to solve supplier selection problems. ARPASS considers each alternative as a system that is constructed on integrated components. To perform properly, a system requires high integrity and stability. ARPASS utilizes the stability of alternatives as an effective element for ranking the alternatives. The ARPASS is developed in two forms, ARPASS and ARPASS*. The new method utilizes standard deviations and Shannon’s entropy to compute the alternatives’ stabilities. In this paper, in addition to the new MCDM methods, a new method called the grey equilibrium product (GEP) is introduced to convert grey linguistic variables into crisp values, using decision makers’ subjective perceptions and judgments. To highlight and validate the novel methods’ performance, they are applied to two sustainable supplier selection problems. For evaluation of the reliability of ARPASS and ARPASS*, their results were compared with the results of the popular MCDM methods. We compared the methods in terms of calculation time, simplicity, transparency, and information type. open access article
  • Research on physical health early warning based on GM(1,1)
    Research on physical health early warning based on GM(1,1) Zeng, Bo; Yang, Yingjie; Gou, Xiaoyi At present, hundreds of millions of Chinese people face increasingly serious health risks, and health checks have undoubtedly played a significant role in finding health risks. However, the current health check in China mainly judges the quality of physical functions by a single index value without dynamic analysis of the changing trends of the index, which may lead to unreasonable diagnostic conclusions. In this paper, the data characteristics of physical indicators are systematically analyzed, and grey system models dedicated to data with the character- istics are applied to simulate and predict the changing trends of body indicators. On this basis, possible path- ological changes in body organs were identified. Specifically, this paper analyses the state of human kidney functions by grey prediction models. The results showed that even when the renal function index (serum creatinine) is within the normal range, the human renal function might be abnormal. The grey model analysis of the change trends of serum creatinine can predict the potential health hazards of renal functions The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Efficiency Analysis of Scientific and Technological Innovation in Grain Production Based on Improved Grey Incidence Analysis
    Efficiency Analysis of Scientific and Technological Innovation in Grain Production Based on Improved Grey Incidence Analysis Zhang, Shuhua; Li, Bingjun; Yang, Yingjie Analyzing and evaluating the efficiency of scientific and technological innovation in grain production is conducive to the rational allocation of resources, promoting the development of scientific and technological innovation in grain production and providing guarantee for grain security. By refining the elements of grain production and scientific and technological innovation, an evaluation system of scientific and technological innovation in grain production is constructed. Firstly, combining linear programming together with the traditional grey synthetic incidence analysis model, a incidence analysis of the scientific and technological innovation indicators of grain production is carried out, and the key and secondary indexes affecting grain outputs are screened by an improved grey incidence analysis model. Secondly, based on DEA-Malmquist index model and taking the grain production process as the research object, the scientific and technological achievement transformation indicators are divided into pre-production, in-production and post-production indicators. The key indicators and secondary indicators of scientific and technological innovation of grain production in various cities of Henan Province from 2010 to 2019 are used to analyze the efficiency of scientific and technological innovation in each stage of grain production. The results show that: (1) The type of basic ability of scientific and technological innovation indicators and the transformation ability of scientific and technological innovation achievements are the major indicators influencing grain outputs, and the investment of basic resources of scientific and technological innovation and the transformation of scientific and technological innovation achievements are the most important to improve grain outputs. (2) In addition, the study reveals that the secondary indicators of the technological innovation efficiency of grain production based on the DEA-Malmquist index model are more efficient than the key indicators in the pre-production, in-production and post-production stages. And there are gaps in the scientific and technological innovation performance of grain production among cities in Henan Province, and the index of technological progress is the leading factor for the gap. open access article
  • Predicting the trend of infectious diseases using grey self-memory system model: a case study of the incidence of tuberculosis
    Predicting the trend of infectious diseases using grey self-memory system model: a case study of the incidence of tuberculosis Guo, Xiaojun; Shen, Houxue; Liu, Sifeng; Xie, Naiming; Yang, Yingjie; Jin, Jingliang Objectives The prediction and early warning of infectious diseases is an important work in the field of public health. This study constructed the grey self-memory system model to predict the incidence trend of infectious diseases affected by many uncertain factors. Study design The design of this study is a combination of the prediction method and empirical analysis. Methods By organically coupling the self-memory algorithm with the mean GM(1,1) model, the tuberculosis incidence statistics of China from 2004 to 2018 were selected for prediction analysis. Meanwhile, by comparing with the other traditional prediction methods, three representative accuracy check indexes (MSE, AME, MAPE) were conducting for error analysis. Results Owing to the multiple time-points initial fields, which replace the single time-points, the limitation of the traditional grey prediction model, which is sensitive to the initial value, is overcome in the self–memory equation. Consequently, compared with the mean GM model and other statistical methods, the grey self-memory model shows significant forecasting advantages, and its single-step rolling prediction accuracy is superior to other prediction methods. Therefore, the incidence of tuberculosis in China in the next year can be predicted as 55.30 (unit: 1/105). Conclusions The grey self-memory system model can closely capture the individual random fluctuation in the whole evolution trend of the uncertain system. It is appropriate for predicting the future incidence trend of infectious diseases and is worth popularizing to other similar public health prediction problems. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Two-stage salient object identification and segmentation based on irregularity
    Two-stage salient object identification and segmentation based on irregularity Al-Azawi, M.; Yang, Yingjie; Istance, Howell In this paper, we introduce a new approach for saliency identification based on the irregularity of the region both globally and locally. The new technique utilises the local and global features of the surrounding region of the pixels. The object is considered to be salient if it is salient both locally and globally. The local saliency identification (LSI) is used to identify the saliency of the object based on the structure of the object while the global saliency identification deification (GSI) identifies the saliency of the region based on the contrast of the object with respect to the entire background. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Micro-expression recognition base on optical flow features and improved MobileNetV2
    Micro-expression recognition base on optical flow features and improved MobileNetV2 Xu, Wei; Zheng, Hao; Yang, Zhongxue; Yang, Yingjie When a person tries to conceal emotions, real emotions will manifest themselves in the form of micro-expressions. Research on facial micro-expression recognition is still extremely challenging in the field of pattern recognition. This is because it is difficult to implement the best feature extraction method to cope with micro-expressions with small changes and short duration. Most methods are based on hand-crafted features to extract subtle facial movements. In this study, we introduce a method that incorporates optical flow and deep learning. First, we take out the onset frame and the apex frame from each video sequence. Then, the motion features between these two frames are extracted using the optical flow method. Finally, the features are inputted into an improved MobileNetV2 model, where SVM is applied to classify expressions. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the method, we conduct experiments on the public spontaneous micro-expression database CASME II. Under the condition of applying the leave-one-subject-out cross-validation method, the recognition accuracy rate reaches 53.01%, and the F-score reaches 0.5231. The results show that the proposed method can significantly improve the micro-expression recognition performance. open access article
  • Similarity-based information fusion grey model for remaining useful life prediction of aircraft engines
    Similarity-based information fusion grey model for remaining useful life prediction of aircraft engines Yang, Xiaoyu; Fang, Zhigeng; Li, Xiaochuan; Yang, Yingjie; Mba, David Purpose Online health monitoring of large complex equipment has become a trend in the field of equipment diagnostics and prognostics due to the rapid development of sensing and computing technologies. The purpose of this paper is to construct a more accurate and stable grey model based on similar information fusion to predict the real-time remaining useful life (RUL) of aircraft engines. Design/methodology/approach First, a referential database is created by applying multiple linear regressions on historical samples. Then similarity matching is conducted between the monitored engine and historical samples. After that, an information fusion grey model is applied to predict the future degradation trajectory of the monitored engine considering the latest trend of monitored sensory data and long-term trends of several similar referential samples, and the real-time RUL is obtained correspondingly. Findings The results of comparative analysis reveal that the proposed model, which is called similarity-based information fusion grey model (SIFGM), could provide better RUL prediction from the early degradation stage. Furthermore, SIFGM is still able to predict system failures relatively accurately when only partial information of the referential samples is available, making the method a viable choice when the historical whole life cycle data are scarce. Research limitations/implications The prediction of SIFGM method is based on a single monotonically changing health indicator (HI) synthesized from monitoring sensory signals, which is assumed to be highly relevant to the degradation processes of the engine. Practical implications The SIFGM can be used to predict the degradation trajectories and RULs of those online condition monitoring systems with similar irreversible degradation behaviors before failure occurs, such as aircraft engines and centrifugal pumps. Originality/value This paper introduces the similarity information into traditional GM(1,1) model to make it more suitable for long-term RUL prediction and also provide a solution of similarity-based RUL prediction with limited historical whole life cycle data. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Hyperspectral anomaly detection based on the distinguishing features of a redundant difference-value network
    Hyperspectral anomaly detection based on the distinguishing features of a redundant difference-value network Li, Xueyuan; Zhao, Chunhui; Yang, Yingjie Hyperspectral anomaly detection is a key technique of unsupervised target detection. In the hyperspectral anomaly detection based on spectral dimensional transformation, the feature projection makes it easy to distinguish the ground objects which are not distinguishable in the original feature space. Although the means of spectral dimensional transformation can improve the distinguishable between diverse categories, it cannot highlight the anomalous targets. To be able to highlight anomalous targets while improving the diversity between different ground objects, an unsupervised network model of Redundant Difference-Value Network (RDVN) is proposed and applied to hyperspectral anomaly detection. RDVN is composed of multiple single-layer neural networks with the same structure and hyper-parameters. A group of training samples is used as the input of the networks, and the difference between the activation values of any networks and benchmark network is used as the error for Back-propagation. After the training is completed, the difference-value between the activation values of the two networks is used as a distinguishing feature (DF). Finally, DF is used as the input of the anomaly detector to obtain the detection results. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can achieve higher detection accuracy. DF not only highlights the anomalous target to increase the true positive rate but also increases the discriminability between different categories, thereby reducing the false positive rate. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • The nonlinear time lag multivariable grey prediction model based on interval grey numbers and its application
    The nonlinear time lag multivariable grey prediction model based on interval grey numbers and its application Xiong, Pingping; Zou, Xia; Yang, Yingjie The linear relationship of the original grey prediction model is too single, and the original grey prediction model does not consider the time delay of the effect of the current input parameters on the output parameters. In order to solve these problems, the interval grey number sequence is taken as the modelling sequence of the model, and the nonlinear parameter γ and the time-delay parameter τ are introduced into the multivariate grey prediction model, so as to construct the nonlinear time-delay multivariable grey prediction model for interval grey number. In view of the uncertain characteristics of the smog index data, this paper applies the improved model to the simulation and prediction of the smog index data. Compared with the original model, the results show that the prediction effect of the model proposed in this paper is superior to the original model in terms of its effectiveness and feasibility. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link. Open access article.
  • Forecasting smog in Beijing using a novel time-lag GM (1, N) model based on interval grey number sequences
    Forecasting smog in Beijing using a novel time-lag GM (1, N) model based on interval grey number sequences Shi, Jia; Xiong, Pingping; Yang, Yingjie; Quan, Beichen Purpose Smog seriously affects the ecological environment and poses a threat to public health. Therefore, smog control has become a key task in China, which requires reliable prediction. Design/methodology/approach This paper establishes a novel time-lag GM(1,N) model based on interval grey number sequences. Firstly, calculating kernel and degree of greyness of the interval grey number sequence respectively. Then, establishing the time-lag GM(1,N) model of kernel and degree of greyness sequences respectively to obtain their values after determining the time-lag parameters of two models. Finally, the upper and lower bounds of interval grey number sequences are obtained by restoring the values of kernel and degree of greyness. Findings In order to verify the validity and practicability of the model, the monthly concentrations of PM2.5, SO2 and NO2 in Beijing during August 2017 to September 2018 are selected to establish the time-lag GM(1,3) model for kernel and degree of greyness sequences respectively. Compared with three existing models, the proposed model in this paper has better simulation accuracy. Therefore, the novel model is applied to forecast monthly PM2.5 concentration for October to December 2018 in Beijing and provides a reference basis for the government to formulate smog control policies. Practical implications The proposed model can simulate and forecast system characteristic data with the time-lag effect more accurately, which shows that the time-lag GM(1,N) model proposed in this paper is practical and effective. Originality/value Based on interval grey number sequences, the traditional GM(1,N) model neglects the time-lag effect of driving terms, hence this paper introduces the time-lag parameters into driving terms of the traditional GM(1,N) model and proposes a novel time-lag GM(1,N) model. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.

Click here to view a full listing of Yingjie Yang's publications and outputs.

Key research outputs

  • R-Fuzzy sets: a novel combination of fuzzy sets with rough sets with capability to represent some situations difficult with other extensions;
  • Grey sets: a formal formulation of the concept of grey sets and its operations;
  • Relative Strength of Effect: a factor analysis method based on trained neural networks;
  • Application of neural networks in overlay operation of GIS
  • Airport noise simulation using neural networks

Research interests/expertise

Dr. Yang’s research interests are mainly with uncertainty models and their applications. His theoretical work involves fuzzy sets, rough sets, grey systems and neural networks. In applications, his interests are transportation planning, environment evaluation and civil engineering simulation and analysis.

Areas of teaching

  • Databases
  • Data Warehousing
  • AI programming

Qualifications

  • PhD in Engineering (1994 from Northeastern University, China)
  • PhD in Computer Science (2008 from Loughborough University, UK)

Courses taught

  • IMAT5167
  • IMAT5118
  • IMAT5103
  • IMAT2427
  • PHAR5350

Honours and awards

Best Paper Award, the 2013 IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligenceand Computing Research.

Membership of external committees

  • Co-chair of the Technical Committee on Grey Systems of IEEE Systems, Man,and Cybernetics Society, 2012 -- present
  • Vice-chair of the Task Force on Competitions for Fuzzy Systems Technical Committeeof IEEE Computational Intelligence Society, 2011 -- present
  • PC members for over 90 international academic conferences

Membership of professional associations and societies

  • Senior Member of IEEE, 2013 -- present
  • Member of IEEE, Mar 2007 -- 2013
  • Member of the Rail Research UK Association, May 2013 -- present

Current research students

First supervisor for:

  • Manal Alghieth
  • Mohammad Al Azawi
  • Arjab Khuman
  • Nguyen Thi Mai Phuong
  • Tarjana Yagnik

Externally funded research grants information

    • "International Network on Grey Systems and its Applications", Leverhulme Trust, PI, £124997, 2015--2018.

    • "Grey Systems and Its Application to Data Mining and Decision Support", EU FP7 Marie Curie International IncomingFellowship, PI, €309235, 2015--2016.

    • "Modeling Conditions, Mechanism and Characters of Grey Prediction Model GM(1,1)", Leverhulme Trust InternationalVisiting Fellowship, PI, £25500, 2013--2014.

    • "Grey Systems and Computational Intelligence", Royal Society, PI, £12000, 2011-- 2013.

    • "ITRAQ: Integrated Traffic Management and Air Quality Control Using Space Services", Europe Space Agency, CI, €97834, 2011--2012.

    • "Conference grant", Royal Academy of Engineering, PI, £500, Oct 2007.

Internally funded research project information

  • "Project application on Grey Systems and Uncertainty", DMU Research Leave scheme, PI, £7104, 2012--2013.

  • "Initial preparation for EU research network on grey systems", DMU RIF Fund, PI, £7000, 2011--2012.

  • "Emerging uncertainty models and their applications", DMU PhD scholarship, PI, £55080, 2012--2016.

  • "Conference grant", DMU RITI Fund, PI, £1500, Jun 2009.

  • "Conference grant", DMU RITI Fund, PI, £1500, Jun 2008.

Professional esteem indicators

Editorial board:

  • Associate Editor of IEEE Transaction on Cybernetics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) ISSN: 1083-4419
  • Associate Editor of Scientific World Journal (Hindawi Publishing Corporation) ISSN: 2356-6140
  • Associate Editor of Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems (IOS Press) ISSN: 1064-1246
  • Assocaite Editor of Journal of Grey Systems (Research Information Ltd) ISSN: 0957-3720
  • Associated Editor of Grey Systems: Theory and Applications (Emerald) ISSN: 2043-9377

Plenary talks and academic seminars

  • Keynote speaker at the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, Macau, 2013
  • Seminar on grey numbers at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 2012
  • Keynote speaker at the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, Nanjing,2011
  • Seminar on grey numbers at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 2011
  • Seminar series on computational intelligence at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, full financialsupport from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 2010
  • Keynote speaker at the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, Nanjing,2009
  • Seminar on grey systems at University of Hull, 2008
  • Keynote speaker at the Airport Environmental Management Workshop in Singapore, full financial support fromSingapore Aviation Academy (organisor), Singapore, 2001

Conference management

  • Chair of the Program Committee for the 2015 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services,Leicester, 2015
  • Chair of the Program Committee for the 2015 International Conference on Advanced Computational Intelligence,Wuyi, 2015
  • Chair of the Program Committee for the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services,Macau, 2013
  • Co-chair of the special session on grey systems at the 2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, San Diego, 2014
  • Co-chair of the special session on grey systems at the 2012 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Seoul, 2012
  • Co-chair of the special session on grey systems at the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Anchorage, 2011
  • Co-chair of the Program Committee for the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and IntelligentServices, Nanjing, 2011
  • Co-chair of the Program Committee for the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, Nanjing, 2009
  • Session chair for 3 regular sessions at the 2008 IEEE World Congress of Computational Intelligence, Hong Kong,2008
  • Co-chair of the special session on grey systems at the 2008 IEEE World Congress of Computational Intelligence,Hong Kong, 2008
  • Member of the organising committee of the 2007 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, Nanjing, 2007