My research explores the intersection between belief and "work" in modernity: how belief shapes our approach to activity referred to as "work", why certain forms of work appeal, and the value of work to the human condition. This enquiry is theoretically framed primarily through sociological analysis of religion, and philosophical and political theory. My research lends itself to the critical examination of contemporary HRM. In particular, I am interested in the emphasis placed on the performance of "work" and neoliberal re-conceptualisations of work as a means of "actualising" one's "latent potentialities". I explore these developments through the emergence of organisational "ethics of self-work" so central to contemporary management practices, and the appropriation of religious and spiritual rhetoric, practices and techniques, such as mindfulness, to mobilise human resources. In doing so, my research explores what happens when individuals perceive themselves as “human resources” obliged to engage in modes of “working” whose nature and character is inherently meaningless, or even contrary, to their “inner” beliefs, values and desires.