Dr Demola Obembe

Job: Associate Professor: Strategic Management

Faculty: Business and Law

School/department: Faculty of Business and Law

Research group(s): Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Address: The Gateway, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, LE1 9BH

T: +44 (0)116 250 7916

E: dobembe@dmu.ac.uk

W: www.dmu.ac.uk/bal

 

Personal profile

Demola Obembe joined the Business School as a Senior Lecturer in Strategic Management in October 2011. Before this, he held academic teaching and research appointments at; University of Roehampton, Queen Mary University of London, Warwick Business School and University of Leicester. He has previously undertaken research in the banking, construction, biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, exploring a range of issues such as mergers and acquisitions, knowledge sharing, innovation network development and general organisation studies.  Prior to entering academia, he worked in the Nigerian Banking Industry with Citibank and also had a stint teaching at secondary school level.

Research group affiliations

 

Publications and outputs 

  • Organization and Product Design Pairings: A Review of Product Innovation Capabilities, Conceptualization and Future Directions
    Organization and Product Design Pairings: A Review of Product Innovation Capabilities, Conceptualization and Future Directions Mafimisebi, Oluwasoye; Obembe, Demola; Aluko, Oluwakayode Drawing on the Resource-based view of firms and market orientation theory, this paper presents a complementary view of the influence of product innovation capabilities (PICs) on organization and product design pairings. By exploring the influence of three complementary factors; market orientation, organizational form, and managerial strategic decisions, as essential determinants for emergence of architectural pairings, we theorize that PICs lead to better; organization and product design pairings selection, unique customer benefits, market acceptance, significant cost reductions, and new products development, and consequently superior organizational performance. We propose in essence, that PICs significantly shape and determine the success of architectural pairings between organization and product designs, and act as a source of sustainable competitive advantage for organizations. We further identify scope for future research to evaluate measures and validity of product innovation capability dimensions, and the extent of influence of the identified factors on architectural pairings. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Technological constraints to firm performance: the moderating effects of firm linkages and cooperation
    Technological constraints to firm performance: the moderating effects of firm linkages and cooperation Kolade, Oluwaseun; Obembe, Demola; Salia, Samuel Manufacturing and services SMEs in Africa face challenges and constraints exacerbated by ineffectual government policies, environmental turbulence and the near-absence of institutional support. This study investigates if informal linkages and formal cooperation are helping firms to overcome constraints to uptake of technological innovations in Nigeria. The paper is based on quantitative data obtained from structured interviews of 631 Nigerian firms. These firms were selected using stratified random sampling from a total population of 18,906 manufacturing and services companies in the national database obtained from the National Bureau of Statistics. The result of the binary logistic regression indicates that, while informal linkages appear to be insignificant, formal inter-firm cooperation is an effective moderator of barriers to technological innovations. The paper focuses only on technological, rather than non-technological, innovations. The paper recommends that, in addition to other interventions to promote diffusion of technological innovations, governments should give priority to interventions that support formal cooperation among SMEs. Previously studies have generally looked at the impact of cooperative networks on firms' innovation uptake. This paper provides original insights into the "how" of cooperative impact, specifically with respect to helping SMEs to overcome constraints. The paper also delineates formal cooperation from informal linkages
  • Institutional Environments and Youths Entrepreneurial Orientation: Evidence from Nigeria
    Institutional Environments and Youths Entrepreneurial Orientation: Evidence from Nigeria Ogunsade, Isaac A.; Obembe, Demola; Woldesenbet, K.; Vershinina, Natalia Entrepreneurial activities and venture creation among youths represent one of the key drivers of job creation and economic growth (OECD, 2016; Acs, 2006). What influences individual entrepreneur to business start-up remains an enduring issue of interest in academic research on entrepreneurship. Recent studies suggest that the institutional context plays a key role in influencing individual behaviour, as well as in facilitating entrepreneurial climate for new ventures. Consequently, this study draws on institutional theory as a valuable lens to investigate the extent to which the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive environments affect individual entrepreneurial orientation (IEO) and self-employment among Nigerian youths. The study adopts a quantitative research approach, allowing for primary data collection conducted through survey questionnaire and administered to a sample of 482 student respondents. A three-stage hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses and to investigate the predictability impact of the model. The result revealed that all three predictor variables (Institutional environments) made a statistical unique contribution to the model. However, the regulative and cognitive model made a statistically significant unique contribution to impacting the individual entrepreneurial orientation among the university educated Nigerian youths.
  • Achieving Strategic Consensus through Individuals’ Social Practice: The Perspective of Kuwaiti Managers
    Achieving Strategic Consensus through Individuals’ Social Practice: The Perspective of Kuwaiti Managers Al Mansour, Jarrah; Obembe, Demola It has been established that successful communication and implementation of organisational strategies is highly relevant to the understanding and commitment of internal stakeholders to this strategy. Termed strategic consensus, research in this area has quantitatively suggested that the concept is material in nature and can be simply controlled and aligned with other constructs including strategy implementation processes (Aranda and Arellano, 2010; Edh Mirzaei et al., 2016). However, there is limited research available in the literature on the social practice roles of both top and middle managers in achieving strategic consensus and their commitment to such understanding in terms of driving strategy. In this study, we explore the role of top and middle managers in forming a shared understanding of strategy during the communication and the implementation processes from a social practice perspective. Particularly, the focus of this investigation is to understand how a shared understanding is socially practiced and achieved between top and middle managers, and the consequent implications this might have for strategy communication and execution. A qualitative approach with a single case study was applied with a total of 27 interviews conducted. We argue that whilst strategic consensus as a factor affecting various business areas, the overall effect is not wholly dependent on the factor in and of itself; rather, the social interaction of both top and middle managers in reaching a shared understanding and their commitment to such an understanding plays a critical role in the extent to which strategies may be successfully realised.
  • Fostering Entrepreneurial Activities through Microfinance in Nigeria
    Fostering Entrepreneurial Activities through Microfinance in Nigeria Babajide, A.; Obembe, Demola; Solomon, O. Helen; Woldesenbet, K. This paper examines the mechanisms by which microfinance loans foster entrepreneurship using social capital. Our empirical data was gathered through questionnaire survey of 317 active small business borrowers in Nigeria. Two models were considered for this study, social capital as a measure of social network and social capital as a measure of trust among group members were tested. On microfinance and social network on entrepreneurial success our study shows that: a) microloans obtained on group membership platform enhances entrepreneurial success of borrowers; b) further probing of the sex of respondents interacted with relationship with loan officers shows that female respondents perceive their relationship with their loan officers yield better entrepreneurial success. Female borrowers also perceived their group membership as the platform for their entrepreneurial success. On pre-loan training and level of education, we found that borrowers with lower levels of education receiving microloans were more successful in their entrepreneurial activities than borrowers with higher levels of education. In the same vein, borrowers with lower levels of education perceived the relationship with their loan officers enhances their entrepreneurial activities more so than respondents with higher levels of education. c) On trust as a measure of social capital, microloan show positive significant impact on entrepreneurial success. Further probing shows that borrowers with lower levels of education are more trusting of their group members than borrowers with higher education levels and this we believe enhances their entrepreneurial success. Also, borrowers with lower level of education believe that group membership enhance their access to microloan although result obtained is not statistically significant at 5 percent. In the same vein, borrowers with lower education levels perceived their group membership enhance their welfare while borrowers with higher education levels do not. We also observed gender differences in loan access such that female borrowers perceived group membership enhances ability to access loans while male respondents did not see any connection between group membership and loan access. Interacting this with entrepreneurial success resulted in a negative influence which implies that access to loan on the platform of group membership does not enhance entrepreneurial success of the respondents. Furthermore, female borrowers perceive group membership enhances their welfare and have positive impact on their entrepreneurial success but not male borrowers. The result also suggests that female borrowers place more trust on their group members which in turn enhance their entrepreneurial success. Further robust check shows that both models are of good fit and statistically significant at 1 percent. This study thus extends the entrepreneurship literature to microfinance and provides empirical insight into the significance of social capital in facilitating microfinance contribution to business creation and growth.
  • The influence of informal institutions on informal sector entrepreneurship: A study of Nigeria’s hand-woven textile industry
    The influence of informal institutions on informal sector entrepreneurship: A study of Nigeria’s hand-woven textile industry Ogunsade, Isaac A.; Obembe, Demola This paper draws on the institutional theory framework to explore the prevalence of entrepreneurship in the informal economy in Nigeria. An interpretive approach was taken in analyzing open-ended interview data collected from 26 entrepreneurs in the hand-woven textile industry in the southwestern region of Nigeria. Our findings show that beyond regulatory burden or survivalist economic necessity, the enterprise culture in the Nigerian informal economy is determined by value-driven criteria of sociocultural and normative environment that constitute part of the cognitive process of entrepreneurial emergence in a typical institutional context. The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
  • Shared Leadership in Voluntary Organisations: An Exploratory Survey using Internal Stakeholder Perspective
    Shared Leadership in Voluntary Organisations: An Exploratory Survey using Internal Stakeholder Perspective Mumbi, Henry; Obembe, Demola Management research has predominantly focuses on vertical leadership, which is synonymous with top-down management. Increasingly however, other forms of distributed leadership are observable across organisations. In this research, we explore the involvement of stakeholders in the functions of leadership through the shared leadership paradigm. Using a quantitative approach, the research surveyed 126 respondents in the voluntary sector with a view to assess the level of shared leadership among organisation stakeholders and identify key factors that affect the shared leadership process. Findings suggest relatively high level of shared leadership with stakeholder involvement more prevalent at consultative levels rather than participative levels. Furthermore, stakeholder status within the organisation is identified as a significant factor in determining the level of shared leadership.
  • Exploring Crisis Management and Business Continuity among Nigerian Small and Medium Scale Enterprises
    Exploring Crisis Management and Business Continuity among Nigerian Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Obembe, Demola; Chukwudum, Victoria; Nnabuife, Nnenna Crisis management is widely researched but not among SMEs and not particularly in emerging economies. Using a combination of interview and survey techniques, we explore how Nigerian SMEs perceive and deal with crisis, and motivations as well as practices adopted for engaging in crisis planning. Specifically, we consider the impacts of actual experience, crisis awareness and top management attitude on crisis management planning. An interpretive approach was adopted for the analysis as was use of quantitative statistical package. Our results indicate that the level of awareness generates a higher degree of concern for crisis management planning than both top management attitudes and actual crisis experience, and a lack of awareness significantly limits firms’ preparedness for crisis management and business continuity.
  • The Critical Role of The Cultural Boundary Spanner for Pluralist Organisations
    The Critical Role of The Cultural Boundary Spanner for Pluralist Organisations Broderick, Anne; McHardy, Peter; Obembe, Demola; Vershinina, Natalia In management studies, we are just beginning to address the pluralist turn. One area where this pluralist perspective on networking is gaining ground lies in the field of boundary spanning studies. This paper examines recent boundary spanning literature to capture some of the contemporary academic directions in how boundary spanning occurs in practice in heterogeneous intercultural contexts and identifies the importance of examining the individual cultural boundary spanning role now critical in contemporary global business. This paper posits that the requirement for organisational agility that characterizes international management is now placing emphasis on the role of the individual cultural boundary spanner and outlines a future research direction that arguably will require a more pluralist conception of the boundary role.
  • Knowledge Sharing, Sustained Relationships and the Habitus
    Knowledge Sharing, Sustained Relationships and the Habitus Obembe, Demola This article explores knowledge-sharing tendencies among individuals in a UK project-based organization. While the knowledge management literature extensively considers the significant impact of relationships and trust on sharing knowledge, the underlying reasoning behind individual choices to share knowledge and expertise largely remains an underexplored area. Bourdieu’s conception of the habitus is used as an alternative tool to interpret individual dynamics and their propensity for sharing knowledge given their personal relationships. Data are drawn from in-depth interviews conducted across the organization and presented as a narrative indicative of relationship dynamics of individual actors. The findings suggest that individual predisposition towards knowledge sharing is influenced by experiences in sustained relationships, coupled with awareness of knowledge sources, expectations of reciprocity in relationships, and acceptance into social groups. Particularly, the predisposing nature of the habitus serves as guide to location and utilization of knowledge sources as well as on choices to share personal knowledge.

Click here to see a full listing of Demola Obembe's publications and outputs.

Research interests/expertise

  • Knowledge and Innovation Management Strategies
  • Strategy Implementation Processes
  • Organisation and Employee Behaviour
  • Change Management
  • Entrepreneurship and SMEs
  • Social Capital
  • Organisational Networks

Areas of teaching

  • Strategy and Business Management
  • Entrepreneurship 

Qualifications

PhD in Management (University of Leicester)

MBA (University of Leicester)

PGD Financial Management (University of Ibadan-CSU)

BSc (Hons) Biochemistry (University of Ibadan)

PGC Learning & Teaching in HE (University of Roehampton)

Courses taught

3rd Year Undergraduate: Current; Strategic Management. Previous; Contemporary Business Issues, Perspectives on Creative Leadership

Postgraduate: Current; International Strategic Management, Markets and Resources, Business Creation and Innovation. Previous; Entrepreneurship and Innovation,

Membership of professional associations and societies

Fellow, Chartered Management Institute, UK –  (membership since 2007)

Fellow, Higher Education Academy, UK – 2008

Conference attendance

Obembe, D., Chukwudum, V. and Nnabuife, N. (2015) ‘Exploring crisis management and business continuity among Nigerian small and medium scale enterprises’, British Academy of Management Conference, University of Portsmouth, 8-10 September. Contribution Type: Full paper; Attendance Funding: De Montfort University

Obembe, D. and Howlett, S. (2010) ‘Knowledge Management in the Voluntary Sector: Investigating Knowledge Sharing Practices for Value Creation’, British Academy of Management Conference, The University of Sheffield, 14-16 September. Contribution Type: Working paper; Attendance Funding: Roehampton University Business School

Obembe, D. and Baptiste, N. (2009) ‘Interim Assessment Feedback as ‘Best-Practice’ in Facilitating Student Learning in HE’, Submission to the Roehampton University 6th Annual Learning and Teaching Conference 2009, London, 28 April. Contribution Type: Full paper; Attendance Funding: N/A

Obembe, D. (2008) ‘Understanding Individual Action: When Employees Contravene Management Directives to Foster Knowledge Sharing’, Submission for the European Group for Organizational Studies 2008 Colloquium, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 10-12 July. Contribution Type: Full paper; Attendance Funding: Roehampton University Business School

Consultancy work

Strategy; knowledge & innovation management, change management.

Current availability: Y

Current research students

First Supervision

Ahmad Alfadly - Exploiting Customer Experience for Competitive Market Advantage: A Potential Marketing Strategy for Construction Firms in the Gulf Region       

Adekunle Isaac Ogunsade - The Influences of Institutional Environment on Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation and Venture Creation among Nigerian Youths

Jarrah Al Mansour - Strategy Transition Processes and Practices in Public Sector Organisations

 

Second Supervision

Kiran Kaur - Managing Family Firm Continuity and Growth Dilemma       

Eisa Alqaydi - Resident's Perception of Police Services in the Unites Arab Emirates Immigration Department

 

Professional esteem indicators

Journal Refereeing information:
Organization Studies (Sage Publications)
Management Learning (Sage Publications)
Public Money and Management (Taylor & Francis)

Other Reviewing Activities:

Conference paper reviews:

2010: International Conference on Information Systems. Track: Organization Theory, Strategy and IS

British Academy of Management Conference. Tracks: Knowledge and Learning; Entrepreneurship

PhD Completions

Henry Mumbi - Shared Leadership: An Exploratory Study taking a Stakeholder Approach in Voluntary Organisations. (1st Supervisor)

David Cantliffe - Precursors to Organizational Resilience: A Study of Strategic Decision-Making at the Antecedent Stage of a Crisis (2nd Supervisor)

Peter McHardy - Illuminating Boundary Spanning Behaviour in Business Students of Higher Education (2nd Supervisor)

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