Most religions believe that some part of you will survive the death of the body. The soul or some essential spirit lives on - perhaps in Heaven, or as a ghost.
Image of the soul leaving the dead body, from the sixteenth-century text Rosarium Philosophorum
Others - such as ancient Egyptians and modern Hindus – believe that a person’s essential spirit can be reincarnated in another body.
Traditional burning ghat for cremations, Varanasi, India, image courtesy of Jorge Royan