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Ashok Patel

Job: Director of CAL Research & Principal Lecturer

Faculty: Business and Law

School/department: Faculty of Business and Law

Research group(s): The Centre for Research into Organisational Governance (CROG)

Address: De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester, LE1 9BH

T: +44 (0)1162577193




Research group affiliations

Publications and outputs 

Click here to view a full listing of Ashok Patel's publications and outputs.

Research interests/expertise

Research and scholarly activities focussed on four broad areas:

(i) ICT Enhanced Education
(ii) Impact of ICT on Organisational Functions
(iii) Management, Accounting and Organisation
(iv) Sustainability, Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance

Areas of teaching

  • Business Information Systems and Knowledge Management
  • Business Finance
  • Control & Risk Strategy
  • Forensic Accounting
  • Management Accounting
  • Management Science
  • Project Management.


  • MSc Human Computer Systems  De Montfort University, UK 1995
  • ACMA -   Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA, UK) 1985
  • Diploma in Systems Analysis and COBOL  Datamatics Corporation, India 1983
  • AICWA - Institute of Cost & Works Accountants of India (ICWAI) 1982
  • B Com Advanced Accounting/Auditing Gujarat University, India 1974
  • BA Economics/Statistics Gujarat University, India 1972.

Courses taught

BA Accounting & Finance, BA Business Studies, MSc, MBA, DBA, CIMA and ACCA.

Honours and awards

The International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) Financial and Management Accounting Committee (FMAC) Articles of Merit programme 2000 international award for the article “Financing renewable energy: creating the right package of incentives for a level playing field for commercial electricity production from wind turbines” jointly authored with David Russell. This award was for recognition as one of the ten best articles world-wide amongst all the professional bodies’ publications during the year.

Membership of professional associations and societies

  • Academic Member, Institute of Management Accountants - USA (IMA) - 2014
  • Member, The British Computer Society (MBCS) - 2007
  • Member, Project Management Institute - USA (PMI) - 2002
  • Educator Member, Association of Certified Fraud Examiners - USA (ACFE) - 2002
  • Member, Artificial Intelligence in Education Society (AIED) - 1999
  • Member, The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) & Computer Society - 1999
  • Member, IEEE Learning Technology Technical Committee (LTTC) - 1999
  • Fellow, Knowledge Society (KS) - 1998
  • Initiator Member, International Forum of Educational Technology & Society (IFETS) - 1998
  • Member, Association for Learning Technology (ALT) - 1997
  • Fellow of Higher Education Academy (FHEA) and Member of its predecessor ILTHE - 2003.

Conference attendance

Conference Workshops & Guest presentations (invited papers)

Patel A. & Kinshuk (2002). Adaptivity in Web-based Education focused on Cognitive Skills Acquisition. ICCE2002, Supplementary Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE2002) (December 3-6, Auckland, New Zealand), Massey University, Palmerston North, 46-47 (ISBN 0-473-09099-6).

Patel A. & Kinshuk (2001). Adaptive Educational Environments for Cognitive Skills Acquisition. ICALT2001, Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT2001) (August 6-8, Madison, WI, USA), Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society, 502-503 (ISBN 0-7695-1013-2).

Conference organisation

Technical Programme Committee, The Fourth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications (AICT 2008), June 8-13, 2008, Athens, Greece.

Programme Committee, IASTED International Conference on Human Computer Interaction (IASTED-HCI 2008), March 17-19, 2008, Innsbruck, Austria.

Technical Programme Committee, The Third Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications (AICT 2007), May 13-19, 2007, Mauritius.

Technical Programme Committee, Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications (AICT 2006), February 19-22, 2006, Guadeloupe, French Caribbean.

Scientific Committee, Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2004) International Association for Development of the Information Society Conference, December 15-17, 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Programme Committee, 4th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT2004 August 30 – September 1, 2004, Joensuu, Finland.

Programme Committee, 3rd IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, ICALT2003, July 9-11, 2003, Athens, Greece.

Scientific Committee, e-Society 2003 - International Association for Development of the Information Society Conference, June 3-6, 2003, Lisbon, Portugal.

Current research students

Past and Current Research Students:

ICT Enhanced Education

  1. Dr. Kinshuk, “Computer Aided Learning for Entry Level Accountancy Students”, PhD, 1996 – 2nd Supervisor.
  2. Dr. Adetokunbo Abayomi ADENOWO, “Augmented Conversation and Cognitive Apprenticeship Metamodel Based Intelligent Learning Activity Builder System”, PhD, 2012 – 1st Supervisor.

Impact of ICT on Organisational Functions

  1. Dr. Kamil OMOTESO, “The Impact of Information & Communication on Audit”, PhD, 2006 – 1st Supervisor.
  2. Dr. Mahmoud RAWAS, “An empirical examination of the impact of ICT on the functioning of the Lebanese Ministry of Finance”, PhD, 2013 – 1st Supervisor.
  3. Dr. James Olusola ABIOLA, “The Impact of Information and Communication Technology on Internal Controls' Prevention and Detection of Fraud”, PhD, 2013 – 1st Supervisor.
  4. Thomas OLUSHOLA, research area: The Impact of ICT on Reinsurance Business (P/T PhD) – 1st supervisor.

Management, Accounting and Organisation

  1. Dr. Robin WOOLLEY, “Utilising Socio-Cognitive Mapping of Knowledge for Innovation Management”, DBA, 2006 – 2nd Supervisor.
  2. Dr. Dina FADALY, “Contingent Framework for Management Accounting Practices in Egyptian Pharmaceutical Organisations”, PhD, 2010 – 2nd Supervisor.
  3. Dr. Miriam GREEN, “What counts as Knowledge? Parameters of Validity for the Meaning and Representation of a Contingency Theory in the Organisation and Management Accounting Literature”, PhD, 2013 – 2nd Supervisor.
  4. Mina Kamal BISHARA, research area: The relative contribution of financing, investment, and dividend decisions to firms' growth under heterogeneous agency problems, (Int. PhD) – 1st supervisor.

Sustainability, Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance

  1. Dr. David RUSSELL, “The impact of a change in company car taxation on procurement policy and C02 emissions in the UK”, DBA, 2007 – 1st Supervisor.
  2. Dr. Jingchi HUANG, “Public Private Partnership in the urban transport sector investment in China and possibility of transfer of policies from successful projects abroad”, PhD, 2012 – 1st Supervisor
  3. Wardah BINDABEL, research area: Corporate Governance Implications of Islamic Finance on Cross-border Mergers, Acquisitions, Joint Ventures and Strategic Alliances in Gulf Countries, (F/T PhD) – 1st supervisor.
  4. Lukman RAIMI, research area: Corporate Social Responsibility and Entrepreneurship in the Nigerian Telecommunication Industry: A Structural Equation Modelling (SEM), (Int. PhD) – 1st supervisor.
  5. Adejumo BABATUNDE, research area: The Internal Audit Function as a Corporate Governance Mechanism in Developing Economy: An Empirical Study of the Nigerian Financial Sector, (Int. PhD) – 1st supervisor.
  6. Michelle DAVID, research area: Systematic Incorporation of Natural Capital into the Accounting Framework: A Focus on Water, (P/T PhD) – 1st supervisor.

Externally funded research grants information

TLTP Byzantium, a six English University Consortium Project (1993-98) funded under the Teaching and Learning Technology Programme (TLTP) of the Higher Education Funding Councils of UK. Research grant: £800,000. Role: Software Director – supervising research assistants developing the learning software. Lead Institution: De Montfort University. Collaborators: University of Huddersfield, Liverpool John Mores University, University of Middlesex, University of Plymouth, University of Teesside.

The project was one of the 12 successful projects from the 76 projects funded under the TLTP Phase I and II funding. It was also one of the 5 projects whose products were in use at institutions other than consortium members 3 years after the end of the TLTP Phase II and was invited at the launch of the Institute of Learning & Teaching in Higher Education (ILTHE) to exhibit under the innovative teaching methods section.

Professional esteem indicators

Editorial board membership:

  • Editorial Board Member, Interactive Learning Environments, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Inc., Philadelphia, PA19106, USA (ISSN: 1049-4820).
  • Editorial Board Member, Campus Wide Information Systems, MCB University Press (ISSN: 1065-0741).
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Applied Accounting Research, Emerald (ISSN 0967-5426).
  • Editor, Educational Technology and Society, Journal of IFETS and IEEE-LTTC, Available: (ISSN 1436-4522).

Academic journal refereeing

  • Data and Knowledge Engineering, North-Holland, Elsevier, (ISSN 0169-023X)/

Case studies

Three of my publications have been considered to be of wider importance to foreign audience and translated into French, Italian and Polish:

(a) Karwasz M. (2003) Wstepny szkic kontekstów dla tworzenia uzytkowych inteligentnych systemów tutorskich, Wirtualna Edukacja – Czasopismo Elektronicz, No.14, (ISSN 1175-5318). Polish translation of ‘An Initial Framework of Contexts for Designing Usable Intelligent Tutoring System (Patel A., Russell D., Kinshuk, Oppermann R. & Rashev R., 1998).

(b) Cucciarelli L. & Barbi G. (2000) Caratteristiche della conoscenza: riconsiderare il progetto dei sistemi di Intelligent Tutoring, Regional Institute for Educational Research, Emilia Romagna, Bologna, Italy, Italian translation of ‘Knowledge Characteristics: Reconsidering the Design of Intelligent Tutoring Systems’ (Patel & Kinshuk, 1996).

(c)  Marquis A. (1999) Un cadre conceptual pour les systèmes tuteurs intelligents sur Internet, School of Psychology and Education, University of Geneva, Switzerland, French translation of ‘A Conceptual Framework for Internet Based Intelligent Tutoring System’ (Kinshuk & Patel, 1997).

I am pleased that my work continues to evoke interest and is being cited in different parts of the world in English and diverse foreign languages - known citations since 2011 are presented in a year-by-year list:

El-Bishouty, M. M., Chang, T. W., Lima, R., Thaha, M. B., & Graf, S. (2015). Analyzing Learner Characteristics and Courses Based on Cognitive Abilities, Learning Styles, and Context. In Chang M. & Li Y. (Eds), Smart Learning Environments – Part I Learning Analytics, Lecture Notes in Educational Technology, pp. 3-25. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Chang, T. W., Kurcz, J., El-Bishouty, M. M., & Graf, S. (2015). Adaptive and Personalized Learning Based on Students’ Cognitive Characteristics. In Chang M. & Li Y. (Eds), Ubiquitous Learning Environments and Technologies, Lecture Notes in Educational Technology, pp. 77-97. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


Adeyemi, S. B., Mohammed, A. K., Ogundeji, M. G. & Tijani O. M. (2014). Audit Technology Tools and Business Process Assurance: Assessment of Auditor’s Perspective in Nigeria. Universal Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 2(4), 93-102.

Armarego, J. (2014). Engaging Software Engineering Students with Employability Skills. In Yu, L. (Ed), Overcoming Challenges in Software Engineering Education: Delivering Non-Technical Knowledge and Skills, 123-160. IGI Global.

Bachu, E., & Bernard, M. Visualizing Problem Solving in a Strategy Game for Teaching Programming. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering (FECS'14), July 21-24, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, pp 63-69

Cardos, V. D., & Cardos, I. R. (2014). Information Systems Audit Curricula Content Matching. SEA-Practical Application of Science, (5), 11-16.

Chen, H., Su, Y., & Fan, C. (2014). Research on Reasoning and Retrieval Methods Based on Mongolian Curriculum Areas of Semantic Web. Journal of Software, 9(7), 1701-1706. Academy Publisher.

de Jongh, D., Ghoorah, D., & Makina, A. (2014). South African renewable energy investment barriers: An investor perspective. Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, 25(2), 15-27.

Frank, T. D. (2014). Decision-Making in Physical Intelligent Systems Regulated by Growth Rate Factors. Computer and Information Science, 7(4), p55-64.

Lamboglia, R., & D’Onza, G. (2014). IT Auditing in Italian Banks: An Explanatory Study. In Baglieri, D., Metallo, C., Rossignoli., C. & Iacono, M. P. (Eds) Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation,  pp. 99-114. Springer.


Montero, J. A., Alias, F., Badia, D., Fonseca, D., & Vicent, L. (2014). A method for designing automatic assessment systems based on teachers reasoning for evaluating subjective engineering student's competences. Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI) - 9th Iberian Conference on, 18-21 June at Barcelona, pp. 1-6, IEEE.

Obaji, N. O., Olugu, M. U., & Balogun, K. O. (2014). Innovative Policies in Technology Business Incubation: Key elements for sustainable entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(11), pp 1-7.

Othman, R., & Skaik, H. (2014).Determinants of Academics’ Knowledge Sharing Behavior in United Arab Emirates Universities. Journal of Education and Vocational Research, IFRD, 5(1):1-12. (ISSN 2221-2590).

Pawana, M. G., Suharsono, N., Pd, M., Kirna, I. M., & Si, M. (2014). Pengembangan Multimedia Interaktif Berbasis Proyek Dengan Model Addie Pada Materi Pemrograman Web Siswa Kelas X Semester Genap Di Smk Negeri 3 Singaraja. Jurnal Teknologi Pembelajaran, 4(1). Ganesha University of Education, Bali, Indonesia.

Pereira, C. K., Campos, F., Ströele, V., David, J. M., & Braga, R. (2014). Elementos de Contexto em Sistemas de Recomendação no Domínio Educacional: um Mapeamento Sistemático. Nuevas Ideas en Informatica Educativa -TISE 2014, XIX Conferencia Internacional sobre Informatica na Educacao, 9-11 December, Fortaleza, Brazil

Rahman, A. A. B. L. A., Al-Nemrat, A. & Preston, D. S. (2014). Sustainability in Information Systems Auditing. European Scientific Journal, Special Edition Vol. 3, 458-472.

Rahnev, A., Pavlov, N., Kyurkchiev, V., & Pavlov, N. (2014). Distributed Platform for e-Learning–DisPeL, European International Journal of Science and Technology, 3(1), pp.95-109

Salman, A. (2014). Description and Evaluation of Intelligence in Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS). International Journal of Computer & Electronic Research, 3(3), pp133-137. Retrieved from

Schippers, N. (2014). COST ALLOCATION FOR SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE MUNICIPALITY OF HELLENDOORN.“What allocation model should the municipality of Hellendoorn use to allocate costs and which variables, and in which way, influence the cost price to provide services?”, Thesis, University of Twente.

Yağci, M., & Ünal, M. (2014). Designing and Implementing an Adaptive Online Examination System, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 3079-3083.


Baidowi, Z. M. P. A., Noh, N. M., & Noh, N. A. M. (2013). A Study on the Significance of Students’ Thinking Level to Students’ Performance, 6th International Conference on University learning and Teaching (InCULT2012) in special Issue of Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 90, pp. 914-922..

Casanova, A. P. (2013). Efectos de la inteligencia artificial el aprendizaje. Los tutores inteligentes. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Educativo. Issue 10, June, RIDE (ISSN 2007-2619).

Chang, W. C., Chang, C. S., Yang, H. C., & Jheng, M. R. (2013). Game-Based History Ubiquitous Learning Environment through Cognitive Apprenticeship. In Information Technology Convergence (pp. 617-625). Springer Netherlands.

Chang, T. W., El-Bishouty, M. M., & Graf, S. (2013). An Approach for Detecting Students' Working Memory Capacity from Their Behavior in Learning Systems. Proc of 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT2013) held on 15-18 July at Beijing, China, pp. 82-86, IEEE.

Elkiss, H., Khoukhi, F. & Bekkhoucha, A. (2013). On Modelling Traces in a Computing Environment for Human Learning Based Indicators. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 56:3, pp. 1-8.

Gbenga, F., Victor, A., Godspower, E., Solomon, A. & Janet, K. (2013). Adoption of Mobile Learning among 3g-enabled Handheld Users Using Extended Technology Acceptance Model. World Journal on Educational Technology. Vol. 5(3), pp. 420-430.

Hahn, W. H., Fairchild, C., & Dowis, W. B. (2013). Online Homework Managers and Intelligent Tutoring Systems: A Study of their Impact on Student Learning in the Introductory Financial Accounting Classroom. Issues in Accounting Education. American Accounting Association. Vol. 28(3), pp. 513-535.

Hemmati, N. & Omrani, S. (2013). A Comparison of Internet-Based Learning and Traditional Classroom Lecture to Learn CPR for Continuing Medical Education. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, January, 14(1), Article 22 (ISSN 1302-6488).

La Rosa, F., & Caserio, C. (2013). Are Auditors Interested in XBRL? A Qualitative Survey of Big Auditing Firms in Italy. Accounting Information Systems for Decision Making, pp. 13-45, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Lackes, R., Siepermann, M. & Borgermann, C. (2013). Generic Question-and-Answer Based Business Games. Proc of 9th International Scientific Conference on eLearning and Software for Education (eLSE 2013) held on 25-26 April at Bucharest, Romania, Vol.1, pp. 297-302.

Marfisi-Schottman, I., Labat, J. & Carron, T. (2013). Building on the Case Teaching Method to Generate Learning Games relevant to Numerous Educational Fields. Proc of 13th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT) held on 15-18 June at Beijing, China, pp. 156-160.

McGovern, E., & Baruca, A. (2013). Want to Enroll in a MOOC? No Thanks, My Professors Have Their Own Videos. WCOB Faculty Publications, Paper 233, Sacred Heart University, USA.

Mödritscher, F., Andergassen, M., Law, E., & García-Barrios, V. (2013). Application of Learning Curves for Didactic Model Evaluation: Case Studies. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 8(2013), 62-69.

Moseley, B.I. (2013). Description of Instructional Design framework Usage in the Development of Learning Objects. PhD Thesis submitted to Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA, USA.

Razi, M. A., & Madani, H. H. (2013). An analysis of attributes that impact adoption of audit software: An empirical study in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Accounting and Information Management, 21(2), 170-188.

Reis, C. M.N., Tostes, F. P. & Duque, A. P. O. (2013). Auditoria Contínua: Tendências No Cenário Brasileir - Continuous Auditing: Scenario Trends In Brazil. R. Cont. Ufba, Salvador-Ba, 7(1), 36-54.

Salman, A. R. (2013). The Use of Intelligent Tutoring System for Developing Web-based Learning Communities. International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 10(6), pp. 156-161.

Siepermann, M., Lackes, R., & Börgermann, C. (2013). Web-based SQL-Teaching. 3rd International Conference on Future of Education (FOE2013) held on 13-14 June at Forence, Italy.

Szakály, D. (2013). INNOVATION MANAGEMENT. University of Miskolc, Hungary-Slovakia Cross-border Co-operation Programme 2007-2013. European Regional Development Fund, European Union.

Tumi, A. (2013). An investigative study into the perceived factors precluding auditors from using CAATs and CA. International Journal of Advanced Research in Business, 1(3), 2-10.

Viola, S. R., & Coppola, D. (2013). Metodi per il riconoscimento di profili utente in ambienti di apprendimento elettronici: survey e problemi aperti. Il Giornale dell'eLearning, 2(2).


Ahmi, A. (2012). Adoption of generalised audit software (GAS) by external auditors in the UK. PhD Thesis, School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics, Brunel University

Al-Jojo, N. (2012). Teacher Assisting and Subject Adaptive Material System: an Arabic Adaptive Learning Environment, PhD Thesis submitted to the University of Portsmouth, UK.

Al Omari, L., Barnes, P. H., & Pitman, G. (2012, August). An exploratory study into audit challenges in IT governance: a Delphi approach. In Symposium on IT Governance, Management and Audit (SIGMA2012). Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia.

Kotb, A., Roberts, C., & Sian, S. (2012). E-business audit: Advisory jurisdiction or occupational invasion? Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 23(6), 468-482.

Mayorga, J. I., Reyes, J. V., Rodríguez-Artacho, M., & Cigarrán, J. M. (2012). An architecture for retrieving and organizing web resources for didactic purposes. Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, 44(2), 183.

Michelet, S. & Luengo, V. (2012). Étude de cas : DiagElec un diagnostic informatique , Revue STICEF, Volume 19, 2012, ISSN : 1764-7223

Modritscher, F., Andergassen, M., Law, E. L. C., & Garcia-Barrios, V. M. (2012). Evaluation of didactical models with learning curves. Proc of the 15th International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL2012), 26-28 September,Villach, Austria, IEEE

Nasution, M. F. F. A. (2012). Institutionalization of Information Security: Case of the Indonesian Banking Sector, Doctoral Thesis, Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia, USA

Sevarac, Z., Devedzic, V., & Jovanovic, J. (2012). Adaptive neuro-fuzzy pedagogical recommender. Expert Systems with Applications - An International Journal, Elsevier, 39(10),9797–9806.

Stoel, D., Havelka, D., & Merhout, J. W. (2012). An analysis of attributes that impact information technology audit quality: A study of IT and financial audit practitioners. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 13(1), 60-79.

Zaghbib, A., Pernelle, P., & Carron, T. (2012). Virtual Coaching for Change Management. Proc of the 12th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT2012) held at Rome, Italy on 4-6 July,IEEE, pp.634-638.


De-la-Fuente-Valentín, L., Pardo, A., & Kloos, C. D. (2011). Generic service integration in adaptive learning experiences using IMS learning design. Computers & Education, Elsevier, 57(1), 1160-1170.

Gharehchopogh, F. S., & Khalifelu, Z. A. (2011). Evaluation of Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Instruction and Education Approach. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology (IJIMT), 2(5), pp. 425-429.

Granic, A. & Adams, R. (2011). User Sensitive Research in e-learning: Exploring the Role of Individual User Charactesristics. Universal Access in the Information Society, 10(3), pp 307-318, Springer

Haghani, F., Chavoshi, E., Valiani, A., & Yarmohammadian, M. H. (2011). Teaching Styles of Teachers in Basic Sciences Classes in Medical School of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 10(5).

Hsu, J. S. C., Huang, H. H., & Linden, L. P. (2011). Computer-mediated Counter-Arguments and Individual Learning. Educational Technology & Society, 14(4), 111-123.

Kharchenko, V.P. & Badorina, L.N. (2011). Linguistic Technology of Answer Evaluation, National Aviation University Scientific Journal (ISSN 1813-1166), Ukraine, 3(48) pp. 106-113.

Khan, S. A., Bhatti, R., & Khan, G. (2011). Information-Seeking Behavior of Law Practitioners: A Survey of Bahawalpur City. Library Philosophy and Practice (ISSN 1522-0222), Annual Volume 2011, April.

Kickmeier-Rust, M. D., Mattheiss, E., Steiner, C., & Albert, D. (2011). A psycho-pedagogical framework for multi-adaptive educational games. International Journal of Game-Based Learning (IJGBL), 1(1), 45-58.

Marty, J. & Carron, T. (2011). Observation of Collaborative Activities in a Game-based Learning Platform. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, January-march 2011, 4(1), pp. 98-110

Periasamy, E. & Zaman, H. B. (2011). Remedial software for negative numbers subtraction operation: Meta-cognitive/constructivism approach. Proc of International Conference on Pattern Analysis and Intelligent Robotics (ICPAIR 2011) held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 28-29 June, Vol. 2, pp. 192-196, IEEE.

Rodriguez A. (2011). Teacher Model to Personalize Support for the Implementer Teacher in Authoring an Educational Adaptive Hypermedia, International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education (IJCDSE), 2(3) pp. 463-471.

Rodríguez, A. (2011). Teacher Model to Personalize Support for the Implementer Teacher in Authoring an Educational Adaptive Hypermedia. Proc of International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2011) held at London on 27-29 June, pp. 343-348.

Spector, J. M. (2011). Learning to Solve Problems in the Digital Age: Introduction. In Multiple Perspectives on Problem Solving and Learning in the Digital Age (pp. 1-8). Springer New York.

Torabzadeh-Tari, M., Hossain, Z. M., Fritzson, P., & Richter, T. (2011). OMWeb–Virtual Web-based Remote Laboratory for Modelica in Engineering Courses. Proceedings of the 8th Modelica Conference held at Dresden, Germany on 20-22 March.

Yang, Y. F. (2011). A reciprocal peer review system to support college students' writing. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(4), 687-700, Blackwell. (ISSN 1467-8535).  


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